Darbha, aka: Dārbha; 9 Definition(s)
Darbha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Katha (narrative stories)
Darbha (दर्भ) grass is the most sacred of the various kinds of grasses (kuśa, dūrva, etc.) held in special veneration. The origin of darbha grass is explained in numerous legends. It is said to have been formed from the hairs of Viṣṇu which came off while, in his tortoise incarnation, he was acting as a pivot for Mount Mandara at the Churning of the Ocean. Another story relates that while the gods were drinking the amṛta after the Churning a few drops fell on the grass and thus made it sacred. It enters into nearly all important ceremonies among the Hindus. It is used in the famous “sacred thread” (upanayana) ceremony, at weddings, in offering up prayers or invoking deities, at funerals, at a śrāddha, at sacrifices, and at numerous other ceremonies connected with initiation, magic, pregnancy, menses, and different forms of ordeals.Source: archive.org: The ocean of story, vol. 1
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Darbha (दर्भ) is a type of grass commonly used in ritualistic worship, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.11, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] nine vessels of different sizes should be kept by the sensible devotee. Darbha grass shall be spread and cool water sprinkled over these vessels with Darbha grass. Reciting the oṃkāra, the intelligent devotee shall sprinkle the various materials of worship. [...]”.
2) Darbha (दर्भ) is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] a person desirous of liberation (mukti) shall worship him with Darbhas. O best of sages, the number everywhere is a hundred thousand times”.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
Darbha (दर्भ).—A son of Āṅgirasa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 104.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Darbha (दर्भ) is the name of a grass in the Rigveda and later. In the Atharvaveda it is used for the calming of anger (manyu-śamana) and as an amulet for protection against the scattering of one’s hair or the striking of one’s breast. It is also said to be ‘rich in roots’ (bhūri-mūla), to possess a thousand leaves (sahasra-parṇa) and a hundred stalks (śata-kāṇḍa).Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
General definition (in Jainism)
Darbha (दर्भ) or Darbhavidyā refers to a type of Vidyā (occult science) as defined in the Jaina Pāribhāṣika Śabdakośa.—Darbha refers to that Vidyā, in which the kuśa (grass) is first treated by chanting Mantras; then the patient is treated with it, which makes him free from the ailment.Source: HereNow4U: Jaina Pāribhāṣika Śabdakośa
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
darbha (दर्भ).—m (S) A grass esteemed sacred and used in sacrifices &c., Poa cynosuroides. 2 fig. A burnt or withered crop. Ex. śēta karapūna darbha jhālēṃ. darbha ghēūna ubhā asaṇēṃ To be waiting for opportunity to do one some injury.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
darbha (दर्भ).—m A grass esteemed sacred and used in sacrifices, &c. darbha ghēūna ubhā asaṇēṃ To be waiting for opportunity to do some injury.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Darbha (दर्भ).—[dṛbh-ghañ ac vā] A kind of sacred grass (Kuśa grass) used at sacrificial ceremonies &c.; शरासः कुशरासो दर्भासः सैर्या उत (śarāsaḥ kuśarāso darbhāsaḥ sairyā uta) Rv.1.191.3. दभैर्रर्धावलीढैः (dabhairrardhāvalīḍhaiḥ) Ś.1.7; R.11. 31; Ms.2.43;3.28;4.36.
Derivable forms: darbhaḥ (दर्भः).
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Dārbha (दार्भ).—a. (-bhī f.) Made of darbha grass; दार्भं मुञ्चत्युटजपटलं वीतनिद्रो मयूरः (dārbhaṃ muñcatyuṭajapaṭalaṃ vītanidro mayūraḥ) Ś.4 (v. l.)Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-rbhaḥ) 1. Kusa or sacrificial grass, (Poa cynosuroides.) 2. A kind of reed, (Saccharum spontaneum.) 3. Another species, (S. cylindricum.) E. dṛbhi to collect, to arrange, affix ghañ; or dṝ to tear, Unadi affix bha.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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1) Vṛṣadarbha (वृषदर्भ).—General information. An ancient saintly King in Bhārata. This King Vṛṣ...
Darbhapatra (दर्भपत्र).—m. (-traḥ) A kind of grass, (Saccharum spontaneum.) E. darbha, and patr...
Ikṣudarbhā (इक्षुदर्भा).—f. (-rbhā) A kind of grass; also vaṃśamūla, &c.
Darbhavidyā (दर्भविद्या) or simply Darbha refers to a type of Vidyā (occult science) as defined...
Darbhāṅkura (दर्भाङ्कुर).—a pointed blade of darbha grass; दर्भाङ्कुरेण चरणः क्षत इत्यकाण्डे (d...
Darbhānūpa (दर्भानूप).—a watery place full of darbha grass Derivable forms: darbhānūpaḥ (दर्भान...
Darbhasaṃstara (दर्भसंस्तर).—a bed of Kuśa grass.Derivable forms: darbhasaṃstaraḥ (दर्भसंस्तरः)...
Darbhāhvaya (दर्भाह्वय).—the Muñja grass. Derivable forms: darbhāhvayaḥ (दर्भाह्वयः).Darbhāhvay...
Darbhalavaṇa (दर्भलवण).—an instrument for cutting grass. Derivable forms: darbhalavaṇam (दर्भलव...
Hrasvadarbha (ह्रस्वदर्भ).—the short or white Kuśa grass. Derivable forms: hrasvadarbhaḥ (ह्रस्...
Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि) is the name of a deity, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly,...
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Kṣaṇa (क्षण).—m. (-ṇaḥ) 1. A measure of time equal to thirty Kalas or four minn tes. 2. A momen...
Search found 36 books and stories containing Darbha, Dārbha; (plurals include: Darbhas, Dārbhas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 22 - The rites on the eleventh day for the ascetics < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
Chapter 12 - The procedure of Sannyāsa < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
Chapter 27 - The rite of sacrifice < [Section 7.2 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (2)]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 214 - The Greatness of Madhuvana < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 9 - General Rules of Śrāddha Performance < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 117 - Fruit of Worship by Justly Procured, Stolen and Impaired Material < [Section 5 - Pātāla-Khaṇḍa (Section on the Nether World)]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 11 - Offering rice-cake (piṇḍa) to the Manes (Pitāmahas) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 20 - Seven classes of Pitṛs and the rites of propitiating them < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 21 - The Dialogue between Aurva and Paraśurāma < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Hiranyakesi-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Apastamba-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Gobhila-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)