Dantakashtha, Danta-kashtha, Dantakāṣṭha: 8 definitions

Introduction

Dantakashtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dantakāṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Dantakastha or Dantakashtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dantakashtha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Dantakāṣṭha (दन्तकाष्ठ) refers to “tooth-brush” or “tooth-pick”, as well as the name of the 85th chapter of the Bṛhatsaṃhita.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dantakashtha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

Dantakāṣṭha (दन्तकाष्ठ, “tooth-brush”).—A man should leave his bed early in the morning and brush his teeth. The tooth-brush (danta-kashtha) should be made of a fresh twig of a tree or a plant grown on a commendable tract and it should be straight, not worm-eaten, devoid of any knot or at most with one knot only (on one side), and should be twelve fingers in length and like the small finger in girth. The potency and taste of the twig (tooth-brush) should be determined by or vary according to the season of the year and the preponderance of any particular Dosha in the physical temperament of its user. The twig of a plant possessed of any of the four tastes as sweet, bitter, astringent and pungent should be alone collected and used. Nimba is the best of all the bitter trees; Khadira of the astringent ones; Madhuka of the sweet; and Karanja of the pungent ones.

Note: A man of a kaphaja temperament should use a twig of a plant possessed of a pungent taste (tikta) in brushing his teeth. A man of a pittaja temperament should brush his teeth with a twig possessed of a s wēet taste (madhura), while a man of a vatika temperament (nervous) should use that with an astringent (kasaya) taste. This rule should be observed even in respect of the preponderant doshas of the body, in a disease.

Also see Sushruta-samhita, Cikitsastha Chapter XXIV: The rules of hygiene and general conduct.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dantakashtha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dantakāṣṭha (दन्तकाष्ठ) refers to a “tooth-brush”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.11, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] One shall get up early in the morning during the Brāhma-muhūrta (about an hour before dawn). [...] They shall clean the teeth using the tooth brush twig [dantakāṣṭha] according to their castes. The tooth brush twig of a Brahmin shall be twelve aṅgulas long. A king (a Kṣatriya) shall take one eleven aṅgulas long and a Vaiśya one ten aṅgulas long. The tooth brush of a Śūdra shall be nine aṅgulas in length. This is in accordance with Smṛtis. What is enjoined by Manu shall be disobeyed only in emergencies”.

Note: “on Ṣaṣṭī (sixth), Navamī (ninth) and new-moon days, on sundays and days of sacred rites and Śrāddhas, cleaning the teeth with tooth-brush twig is prohibited”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dantakashtha in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Dantakāṣṭha (दन्तकाष्ठ) refers to:—A twig offered to the Lord for the purpose of cleaning His teeth. (cf. Glossary page from Arcana-dīpikā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dantakashtha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dantakāṣṭha (दंतकाष्ठ).—n (S) A fibrous or bruised stick used for cleaning the teeth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dantakashtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dantakāṣṭha (दन्तकाष्ठ).—a piece of stick or twig used as a tooth-brush.

Derivable forms: dantakāṣṭham (दन्तकाष्ठम्).

Dantakāṣṭha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms danta and kāṣṭha (काष्ठ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dantakāṣṭha (दन्तकाष्ठ).—n.

(-ṣṭhaṃ) A piece of stick, or of the small branch of a tree used as a tooth brush. E. danta, and kāṣṭha wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dantakāṣṭha (दन्तकाष्ठ):—[=danta-kāṣṭha] [from danta] n. a small piece of the wood (of particular trees) used for cleaning the teeth, [Mahābhārata xiii etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] cleaning the teeth with the danta-kāṣṭha, 4996 [Varāha-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of various trees the wood of which is used for cleaning the teeth (Flacourtia sapida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Asclepias gigantea, Ficus indica, Acacia Catech, Pongamia glabra, Terminalia alata), [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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