Danti, Dantī, Dantin, Dānti, Damti: 35 definitions

Introduction:

Danti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Dantī (दन्ती):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Dantī (दन्ती):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “wild croton”, a plant species from the Euphorbiaceae (euphorbias) family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Dantikā. Its official botanical name is Baliospermum montanum and is commonly referred to in english as “wild croton”, “wild castor” and “wild sultan seed”. It is found throughout the Himalayan tracts such as Khasi Hills and Kashmir.

This plant (Dantī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

2) Dantī (दन्ती):—A Sanskrit word referring to “snaketooth” and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Nāgavinnā. Its official botanical name is Baliospermum solanifolium. It is found throughout areas such as the Indochina, Himalayas and Yunnan.

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Danti [दन्ती] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Baliospermum solanifolium (Burm.) Suresh from the Euphorbiaceae (Castor) family having the following synonyms: Baliospermum axillare, Baliospermum montanum, Jatropha montana. For the possible medicinal usage of danti, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Danti [दंती] in the Marathi language, ibid. previous identification.

Damti [ದಮ್ತಿ] in the Kannada language, ibid. previous identification.

Danti [দন্তী] in the Bengali language, ibid. previous identification.

Danti [दन्ती] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Danti in the Telugu language is the name of a plant identified with Gymnosporia royleana Wall. ex M.A.Lawson from the Celastraceae (Spike-thorn) family having the following synonyms: Maytenus royleana, Euonymus spinosus, Celastrus royleanus.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Dantī (दन्ती) refers to a medicinal plant known as Baliospermum solanifolium Suresh., and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs (viz., Dantī). It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Dantī (दन्ती) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Baliospermum montanum (Willd.) Muell.–Arg.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning dantī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Dantin (दन्तिन्) is a synonym (another name) for the Elephant (Gaja), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Dantī (दन्ती, “elephant”) refers to the first of eight yoni (womb), according to the Mānasāra. It is also known by the name Gajā. Yoni is the fourth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular yoni (e.g., dantī) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). The first, third, fifth and seventh yonis are considered auspicious and therefore to be preferred, and the rest, inauspicious and to be avoided.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Danti is the name of a Gaṇa depicted in the Adi Kumbeswarar Temple (Ādi Kumbheśvara) in Kumbakonam (Kumbhakonam), representing a sacred place for the worship of Śiva.—The mūla-bera of the Ādi Kumbheśvar temple is liṅga. In the garbhagṛha, there is a liṅga with two Gaṇas named Danti and Munti.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dantin (दन्तिन्) refers to an “elephant”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord. [...] Drinking the nectar from her moon-face, Śiva stabilised his body. Sometimes he experienced exhilarating and particularly pleasing state. Just as a huge elephant (mahā-dantin) that is bound with ropes cannot have any other activity. He was also bound by the sweet fragrance of her lotus-like face, her beauty and her jocular pleasantries”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dantin (दन्तिन्) refers to “elephants”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If the disc should be eclipsed at one of the corners, the Mlecchas, persons proceeding to battle and those who live by fire will perish; if the southern limb should be eclipsed aquatic creatures as well as elephants [i.e., salilacara-danti-ghātin] will die; and if the northern limb should be eclipsed cows will suffer. If the eastern limb should be eclipsed there will be abundant rain; if the western limb should be eclipsed, farmers and servants will suffer and seed grains will be destroyed”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Danti (दन्ति) represents the number 8 (eight) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 8—danti] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Dantin (दन्तिन्) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Dantinī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Jalacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jalacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Dantin] are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife..

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dantin (दन्तिन्) is the name of a mountain, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “Now in this same Bharata on Mount Dantin near the ocean there was a Vidyādhara king, Mahendra, in the city Mahendra. By his wife Hṛdayasundarī he had a daughter, Añjanasundarī, besides a hundred sons, Arindama, etc. When she was grown and her father was thinking about a husband, the ministers described young Vidyādharas by the thousand. At Mahendra’s instructions the ministers had accurate pictures made on canvas of each one and brought them and showed them to him. [...]”;

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Dantin (दन्तिन्) refers to “one who is fanged”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Being frightened by the deceit of the breath, the living embryo of men that is taken hold of by the fanged enemy that is destruction (dantin-dviṣasaṃhāradantidviṣā) goes out like a young doe in the forest. O shameless one, if you are not able to protect this wretched [embryo] which is obtained gradually [by death] then you are not ashamed to delight in pleasures in this life”.

2) Dantin (दन्तिन्) refers to “elephants”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “Snakes, fire, poison, tigers, elephants, lions, demons and kings, etc. [com.nāgānalagaravyāghradantisiṃharākṣasāḥ] do not hurt those whose selves are settled in the doctrine. On the earth even the lord of the snakes with a thousand trembling mouths is not able to describe clearly the entire power of the doctrine”.

Synonyms: Dvipa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dantin.—(IE 8-1-2), ‘eight’. Note: dantin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Dantī (दन्ती).—a (S) Having teeth--a comb, an elephant, a wheel &c.

--- OR ---

dantī (दंती).—f S A plant, Ficus parasitica.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dantin (दन्तिन्).—m. An elephant; Bv.1.6; तृणैर्गुणत्वमापन्नेर्बध्यन्ते मत्तदन्तिनः (tṛṇairguṇatvamāpannerbadhyante mattadantinaḥ) H.1.35; R.1.71; Ku. 16.2; दृष्ट्यैवाङ्कुशमुद्रया निगडितो दारिद्र्यदन्तावलः (dṛṣṭyaivāṅkuśamudrayā nigaḍito dāridryadantāvalaḥ) Sūktisundara 5.3. The Nm. adds: दन्ती तु वारणे, क्रोडे, श्वाने, व्याघ्रे, मृगा- धिपे । ओषधीनागहेरम्बसोमेष्वप्यथ (dantī tu vāraṇe, kroḍe, śvāne, vyāghre, mṛgā- dhipe | oṣadhīnāgaherambasomeṣvapyatha)...... ()||

See also (synonyms): dantāvala.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dānti (दान्ति).—f. [dam-ktin]

1) Self-restraint, subjection, control.

2) The patient endurance of bodily mortifications, religious austerities &c.

3) Humiliation.

Derivable forms: dāntiḥ (दान्तिः).

--- OR ---

Dānti (दान्ति).—See under दम् (dam).

Derivable forms: dāntiḥ (दान्तिः).

See also (synonyms): dānta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dantin (दन्तिन्).—mfn. (-ntī-ntitī-nti) Toothed, tusked. m. (-ntī) 1. An elephant. 2. A mountain. E. danta a tooth, and ini possessive aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dānti (दान्ति).—f.

(-ntiḥ) 1. The patient endurance of religious austerities or privations. 2. Subjection, humiliation. E. dam to tame, &c. affix ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dantin (दन्तिन्).—i.e. danta + in, m. An elephant, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 30.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dantin (दन्तिन्).—[adjective] having teeth or tusks; [masculine] elephant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dantī (दन्ती):—[from danta] f. = tikā, [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] (in music) Name of a composition

3) [v.s. ...] cf. ibha-dantā

4) [v.s. ...] kuḍmalaand krūra-a-dantī etc.

5) Danti (दन्ति):—[from danta] for tin q.v.

6) Dānti (दान्ति):—[from dānta] f. sell-restraint, patience, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dantin (दन्तिन्):—[from danta] mfn. tusked (Gaṇeśa), [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā ii, 9, 1] (ti, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka x, 1, 5])

2) [v.s. ...] m. an elephant, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a mountain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dantin (दन्तिन्):—(ntī) 5. m. An elephant; a mountain. a. Tusked.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dānti (दान्ति):—(ntiḥ) 2. f. Patient endurance of austerities; subjection.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dantin (दन्तिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Daṃti.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dantī (दन्ती) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Daṃtī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Danti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Daṃti (दंति) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dantin.

2) Daṃtī (दंती) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dantī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Daṃṭi (ದಂಟಿ):—[noun] a woman who engages in sexual intercourse for money; a whore; a prostitute.

--- OR ---

Daṃti (ದಂತಿ):—

1) [noun] a tusked elephant (but in gen. any elephant).

2) [noun] the plant Croton tigilium of Euphorbiaceae family.

3) [noun] its seed which is used as a purgative.

4) [noun] the plant Baliospermum montanum (= B. axillare, = Croton polyandrus of the same family.

5) [noun] the plant Datura stramonium of Solanaceae family.

6) [noun] the plant Anthericum tuberosum (= Chlorophytum tuberosum) of Liliaceae family.

7) [noun] (math.) a symbol for the number eight.

--- OR ---

Dāṃti (ದಾಂತಿ):—

1) [noun] = ದಾಂತತೆ [damtate].

2) [noun] an enduring of religious austerities.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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