Coksha, Cokṣa, Cokṣā: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Coksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Cokṣa and Cokṣā can be transliterated into English as Coksa or Coksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Choksha.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Cokṣa (चोक्ष, “clean”) refers to “naturally clean and tending to mental calm” (such as forests, etc.), according to the Manusmṛti chapter 3.206ff. Accordingly:—“One should prepare with care a clean and secluded place Sloping towards the south, and smear it with cowdung. The Pitṛs are always pleased with what is offered in glean places, on water-banks and in secluded places. [...]”.

Note: This verse (207) is quoted in Aparārka (p. 471), which explains ‘cokṣa’ as a ‘place that is naturally clean’;—in Hemādri (Śrāddha, p. 160);—and in Śrāddhakriyākaumndī (p. 102).

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Cokṣa (चोक्ष) refers to a class of piśāca deities according to the Śvetāmbara tradition of Jainism, while Digambara does not recognize this class. The piśācas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas).

The deities such as the Cokṣas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Cokṣā (चोक्षा) is the name of a mendicant, according to chapter 6.6 [śrī-mallinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now Abhicandra’s jīva fell from Vaijayanta and became King Jitaśatru in Kāmpīlya. He had a thousand wives, of whom Dhāriṇī was first, like a band of Apsarases drawn from heaven by merit. Now a clever mendicant nun, Cokṣā, came to Mithilā and told in the houses of kings and lords: ‘Dharma always has a root in liberality, also arises from sprinkling with the waters of sacred places, and is the source of heaven and emancipation. Our words to this effect are true.’ [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cokṣa (चोक्ष).—a.

1) Pure, clean; अवकाशेषु चोक्षेषु (avakāśeṣu cokṣeṣu) Manusmṛti 3.27.

2) Honest; अनीर्षुर्गुप्तदारः स्याच्चोक्षः स्यादघृणी नृपः (anīrṣurguptadāraḥ syāccokṣaḥ syādaghṛṇī nṛpaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.7.8.

3) Clever, dexterous, skilful.

4) Pleasing, agreeable, delightful.

5) Sharp, pungent, keen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cokṣa (चोक्ष).—mfn.

(-kṣaḥ-kṣā-kṣaṃ) 1. Sung. 2. Pure, clean. 3. Clever, dexterous. 4. Pleasing, delightful, beautiful. 5. Sharp, pungent, keen, &c. E. cūṣ to suck, affix ṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cokṣa (चोक्ष).— (cf. caukṣa), adj. Clean, pure, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 207; Mahābhārata 12, 2708.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cokṣa (चोक्ष).—[adjective] clean (of persons).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cokṣa (चोक्ष):—mf(ā)n. (cf. cukṣā), pure, clean (persons), [Manu-smṛti iii, 207; Mahābhārata xii f.]

2) (often in Prākṛt cokkha [Jaina literature])

3) dexterous, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) agreeable, pleasant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) sung, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) abhīkṣṇa (tihṣṇa, [Horace H. Wilson]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cokṣa (चोक्ष):—[(kṣaḥ-kṣā-kṣaṃ) a.] Sung; pure; clever; pleasing; sharp.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cokṣā (चोक्षा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cokkhā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Coksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cōkṣa (ಚೋಕ್ಷ):—

1) [adjective] clear; pure; limpid.

2) [adjective] attractive; beautiful.

3) [adjective] honest; truthful; trustworthy.

4) [adjective] clever, intelligent.

5) [adjective] capable of acting fast or effectively; active.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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