Chad, Chaḍ: 11 definitions


Chad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhad.

Ambiguity: Although Chad has separate glossary definitions below, it also represents an alternative spelling of the word Cad.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Chaḍ (छड्) in Prakrit (or Chard in Sanskrit) refers to “give up, let go”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—(Williams 1959 p. 361-362); CHARD in this sense (CDIAL 4998; Jacobi 1886 p. 109; JOIB XV p. 429).

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Chad in Nepal is the name of a plant defined with Camellia sinensis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Thea bohea L. (among others).

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Chad (छद्).—1 U. (chadati-te, chādayati-te, channa chādi

1) To cover, cover over, veil; haimaiśchannā Meghadūta 76; cakṣuḥ khegurubhiḥ pakṣma- bhiśchādayantīm Meghadūta 9; channopāntaḥ ... kānana 18.

2) To spread anything (as a cover), cover self.

3) To hide, conceal; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.287; (fig.); keep secret; ज्ञानपूर्वं कृतं कर्म छादयन्ते ह्यसाधवः (jñānapūrvaṃ kṛtaṃ karma chādayante hyasādhavaḥ) Mb.; छन्नं दोषमुदाहरन्ति (channaṃ doṣamudāharanti) Mṛcchakaṭika 9.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chad (छद्).—[chada] r. 1st and 10th cls. (chadati-te chadayati-te or more commonly chādayati-te) 1. To cover, to clothe, to veil, to hide, or remove from view: (āṅ is usually prefixed to the root in these senses.) 2. To march. (i) chadi r. 1st cl. (chandati) To live or breathe, to be or make strong; also. r. 1st and 10th cls. (chandati-te chandayati-te) To cover, &c. as above. E. cu-ubha-saka seṭ . bhvā-ubha .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chad (छद्).—i. 10, chādaya, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.] [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 58, 7); † i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To cover, Mahābhārata 1, 8245. 2. To conceal, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 90, 16. 3. To eclipse, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 319. Anomalous ptcple. of the pres. [Ātmanepada.] chādayāna, Mahābhārata 6, 2430. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. 1. chādita, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 17, 44. 2. channa, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 74, 16; ºnam, adv. Secretly, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 197, 10; tacitly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 98; n. A hiding-place, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 8686.

— With the prep. samabhi sam-abhi, To cover, Mahābhārata 12, 255.

— With ava ava, 1. To cover, Mahābhārata 1, 5421. 2. To leave unlighted, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 1, 30. avacchanna, Filled, Mahābhārata 12, 5835.

— With samava sam-ava, 1. To cover, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 6444. 2. To obscure, Mahābhārata 6, 94.

— With ā ā, 1. To cover, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 13, 29. 2. To obscure, Mahābhārata 4, 1853. 3. To clothe, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 27. 4. To put on, Mahābhārata 2, 789. 5. To conceal, [Hitopadeśa] 22, 1.

— With samā sam-ā, 1. To cover, Mahābhārata 3, 12179. 2. To veil, Mahābhārata 3, 15670.

— With ud ud, To unclothe, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 51.

— With upa upa, 1. To cover, Mahābhārata 1, 5005. 2. To conceal, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 249.

— With pari pari, 1. To cover, [Pañcatantra] 144, 23. 2. To disguise, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 9, 9.

— With pra pra, 1. To cover, Mahābhārata 2, 2626. 2. To obscure, Mahābhārata 1, 4416. 3. To conceal, Chr. 51, 5. 4. To disguise, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 198. pracchanna, Secret, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 107. ºnam, adv. 1. Privately, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 228. Comp. Su-, adj. well-concealed, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 190, 3.

— With prati prati, 1. To cover, [Pañcatantra] 224, 4. 2. To endow, Mahābhārata 3, 1268. 3. To obscure, Mahābhārata 7, 6129. 4. To disguise, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 51, 27.

— With sam sam, 1. To cover, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 93, 3. 2. To obscure, Mahābhārata 1, 8235. 3. To conceal, Mahābhārata 13, 2606.

— Cf. [Gothic.] skadus, shadow; (for ), which show that the primitive form of chad was skad; cf. also [Latin] castrum, and chāyā.

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Chad (छद्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To make strong.

--- OR ---

Chad (छद्).—[-chad], Latter part of comp. adj. Covering.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chad (छद्).—1. only [participle] channa (q.v.) & [Causative] chādayati (te) cover, veil, hide, conceal, keep secret. —abhi [Causative] cover. ava [Causative] cover, overspread, hide, veil, obscure, conceal. ā [Causative] cover, clothe ([Middle] also refl.), hide, obscure. pari [Causative] wrap round, envelop, cover. pra [Causative] cover ([Middle] refl.), hide, veil in ([instrumental]), conceal, keep secret. prati [Causative] overspread, clothe, envelop. sam the same. — Cf. avacchanna, ācchanna, upacchanna, paricchanna, pracchanna, praticchanna, saṃchanna.

--- OR ---

Chad (छद्).—2. & chand chantti chandati chadayati (chadayate) seem, appear, pass for ([nominative]), please; [Middle] like, be pleased with ([accusative] or [locative]). [Causative] chandayati offer ([with] [accusative] of [person or personal] & [instrumental] of th.); allure, strive to corrupt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Chad (छद्):—1. chad [class] 1. dati, to cover, [Dhātupāṭha xxxii, 41] ([varia lectio]) :—[Causal] (or [class] 10) chādayati (once chad, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa i, 30]; chand [from] √1. chand [Dhātupāṭha xxxii, 41]; [Epic] also [Ātmanepada] [perfect tense] chādayāṃ cakre, [Rāmāyaṇa iv, 58, 7]; p. yāna, [Mahābhārata vi, 2430]),

—to cover, cover over, clothe, veil, [Ṛg-veda vi, 75, 18; Atharva-veda ix, 3, 14; Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii, v; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.;

—to spread as a cover, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa i, 30];

—to cover one’s self, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad i, 4, 2];

—to hide, conceal, keep secret, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa v, 90, 16];

—to protect, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra iii, 11; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra iii, 9, 6] ([Kāṭhaka-gṛhya-sūtra 47]) :—[Causal] [Desiderative] cicchādayiṣati, [Pāṇini 7-4, 83], [vArttika] 2, [Patañjali];

2) cf. [Gothic] scadus.

3) 2. chad mfn. ifc. ([Pāṇini 6-4, 97]) ‘covering’ See dhāmaand (?) bhūte-cchad, mallikā-

4) cf. ā-.

5) 3. chad or 2. chand [class] 10. chadayati (also te = √arc, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 14] [varia lectio], ti; [subjunctive] yat, [Ṛg-veda]; 2. [plural] yātha, [i, 165, 12]), chandayati (twice [class] 1. chandati [= arcati, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 14]] [Mahābhārata xii]; [Ātmanepada] [subjunctive] yāte [Ṛg-veda]; [Aorist] acacchadat, [Nirukta, by Yāska ix, 8]; acchān, [Ṛg-veda]; 2. [plural] nta, [i, 165, 12]; 3. [plural] ntsur, [x, 119, 3]; [subjunctive] chantsat [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 6] [Ṛg-veda]; 2. sg. tsi, [i, 163, 4]; perf. cacchanda, [vii, 73, 3]; [Potential] cacchadyāt, [x, 73, 9])

—to seem, appear, be considered as, [Ṛg-veda; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa xiv, 5];

—to seem good, please (with [dative case]), [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa viii];—(with acc,), [Mahābhārata xii, 7379] (cf. [7376]);

— [Ātmanepada] to be pleased with, delight in ([accusative] or [locative case]), [Ṛg-veda viii, 50, 5; x, 27, 8];

chandayati, to gratify any one ([accusative]; exceptionally [genitive case] [Mahābhārata xii, 7275; Rāmāyaṇa iii, 3, 15]) with anything ([instrumental case], [especially] vareṇa, ‘with a boon’ [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]);

—to try to seduce any one ([accusative]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 45, 36.]

6) 4. chad mfn. ifc. ‘appearing as’ See prathamacchad

7) , ‘pleased with’ See kaviand (?) bhūte-cchad.

8) 5. chad [class] 1. to nourish, [Dhātupāṭha xix.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chad (छद्):—(ña, ka) chadati, te, chādayati 1. 10. a. To cover, clothe. (i) chandati 1. a. To live, breath, be strong. (i, ki) chandati, chandayati) 1. 10. a. To cover.

[Sanskrit to German]

Chad in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Chaad is another spelling for चाड [cāḍa].—n. 1. festival; 2. feast; festivity; a day or days for merriment;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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