Cetiya; 6 Definition(s)


Cetiya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chetiya.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

M Monument intended to remind the dhamma. Ideally, a cetiya is a reliquary, but it can also set texts or everything.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Cetiya is another name for Stupa: an outstanding type of architectural creation of ancient Sri Lanka. Under the influence of Buddhism, there were several changes in the field of architecture in Sri Lanka. The stupa commands a prominent place among these changes.

Source: Wikipedia: India History

Cetiya (चेतिय) is the name of a mountain situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Atthasālinī also refers to the Cetiya Pabbata which, however, is dfficult to be identified.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Cetiya in Pali glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Cetiya, (nt.) (cp. from ci, to heap up, cp. citi, cināti) 1. a tumulus, sepulchral monument, cairn, M. I, 20; Dh. 188; J. I, 237; VI, 173; SnA 194 (dhātu-gharaṃ katvā cetiyaṃ patiṭṭhāpesuṃ); KhA 221; DhA. III, 29 (dhātu°); IV, 64; VvA. 142; Sdhp. 428, 430. Pre-Buddhistic cetiyas mentioned by name are Aggāḷava° Vin. II, 172; S. I, 185; Sn. p. 59; DhA. III, 170; Ānanda° D. II, 123, 126; Udena° D. II, 102, 118; III, 9; DhA. III, 246; Gotama (ka)° ibid. ; Cāpāla° D. II, 102, 118; S. V, 250; Ma- kuṭabandhana° D. II, 160; Bahuputta° D. II, 102, 118; III, 10; S. II, 220; A. IV, 16; Sattambaka° D. II, 102, 118; Sārandada D. II, 118, 175; A. III, 167; Supatiṭṭha° Vin. I, 35.

—aṅgaṇa the open space round a Cetiya Miln. 366; Vism. 144, 188, 392; DA. I, 191, 197; VvA. 254. —vandanā Cetiya worship Vism. 299. (Page 272)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

cetiya : (nt.) a sepulchral monument; a pagoda.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cetiya (चेतिय) or Ceti or Cetika or Caitya.—qq.v. (see § 3.115): ceti bhu (mss. bhū, Lefm. em. m.c., printing cetibhu as one word) trisahasraḥ kiṃ punas tubhya kāyaḥ LV 368.18 (verse), the 3000-fold world has become (= abhūt) an [Page233-a+ 71] object of reverence (a shrine)…So Tibetan: stoṅ gsum (= 3,000) mchod rten (= caitya) gyur na (become)…

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Cetiya (चेतिय).—nt. or (when applied to a person) m. (= Pali id., Sanskrit caitya), sanctuary, temple; but also, object (of any kind) or person worthy of veneration; this form common in even the prose of Mv, only in verses of other texts; compare also ceti, cetika. In sense of a shrine (building) cāpālaṃ nāma cetiyaṃ LV 388.12 = Mv iii.306.14 (verse); cāpālaṃ cetiyaṃ Mv i.299.22 (prose), and ff.; cetiyeṣu Mv i.223.11 = ii.26.8 (verse); other forms, ii.354.11; 364.11, 13; 365.20 ff.; iii.50.19; 303.1, etc.; cetiya- (mss. mostly cetiyaṃ-, perhaps read so; one ms. once cetika-)-pūjakaṃ (taṃ kulaṃ) Mv i.198.2 = ii.1.12 (prose), shrine-revering, of the family in which a Bodhisattva is born the last time (LV 24.9 caitya-pūjakaṃ in same passage); of the Buddha himself, sarvalokasya cetiyo Mv ii.349.6; 359.8; iii.273.5, the Revered One of the whole world; lokasya cetiya (voc.) Mv ii.294.14; cetiyaṃ narāṇāṃ ii.296.13; lokacetiyaḥ LV 97.10 (verse), of the Bodhisattva; utpanno iha loki cetiyo divi bhuvi mahitaḥ LV 363.2 (verse), of the same; of the miraculously produced four bowls, dhāret' ime cetiya saṃmataite (so read with v.l., text °matīte) LV 383.12, preserve them; they (shall be) honored as revered objects; cetiyārthe (so with mss.) Mv ii.263.12 (prose), for the purpose of (making it, viz. the spot where Buddha became enlightened) an object of veneration (universal emperors will never master, adhiṣṭhihanti with v.l., that spot except for this purpose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Bahuputtacetiya (बहुपुत्तचेतिय) is the name of a temple (cetiya) situated in Majjhimadesa (Midd...
Sārandadacetiya (सारन्ददचेतिय) is the name of a temple (cetiya) situated in Majjhimadesa (Middl...
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