Cetiyapabbata, Cetiya-pabbata: 4 definitions


Cetiyapabbata means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Cetiyapabbata in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Also called Cetiyagiri. The later name of the Missaka mountain given on account of its many shrines. Devanampiyatissa built a vihara there - the second vihara in Ceylon - for Mahinda and those ordained under him (Mhv.xvi.12-17). The relics, obtained by Sumanasamanera from Asoka and from Sakka, were deposited there until they were needed. According to the Mahavamsa (Mhv.xxii.23ff) this fact was the occasion for the name. One of the eight saplings of the Sacred Bodhi tree at Anuradhapura was planted in the drama on Cetiyagiri (Mhv.xix.62). Mahinda spent the last years of his life on Cetiyagiri and died there, and there his relics were enshrined (Mhv.xx.32, 45). Near the mountain was the village of Dvaramandala (Mhv.xxiii.23). Kutakannatissa built an uposatha hall on the mountain and planted a Bodhi tree, while Bhati kabhaya supplied food daily to one thousand monks dwelling there (Mhv.xxxiv.30f, 64), and Lanjakatissa had the vihara paved at a cost of one hundred thousand (Mhv.xxxiii.25). Mahadathikamahanaga made four gateways and a road round the mountain, and held the Giribhandapuja with great pomp and ceremony; it is said that in order that the people might approach the mountain with clean feet he spread carpets right up to it from the Kadamba River (Mhv.xxxiv.75ff). Kanirajanutissa had sixty monks of Cetiyapabbata put to death as traitors by flinging them into the cave called Kanira (Mhv.xxxv.11). Vasabha provided four thousand lamps to be lighted on Cetiyagiri (Mhv.xxxv.80), while Jetthatissa gave to the vihara the income derived from the Kalamattika Tank. (Mhv.xxxvi.130; see also Dpv.xv.69; xvii.90; xix.13, and Sp.i.82ff).

In the time of Kakusandha, Cetiyagiri was known as Devakuta, in that of Konagamana as Suvannakuta, and in that of Kassapa as Subhakuta (Sp.i.86f). The Dhammarucikas once occupied the Ambatthalavihara on Cetiyapabbata, it having been given to them by Dhatusena (Cv.xxxviii.75). Aggabodhi supplied a permanent supply of water for the bathing tank called Nagasondi, on the top of Cetiyagiri (Cv.xlii.28; see Cv. Trs.i.68, n.8), while Aggabodhi III. gave to the vihara the village of Ambillapadara (Cv.xliv.122). Aggabodhi V. restored the ruined buildings of Cetiyapabbata at a cost of one hundred and twenty thousand pieces (Cv.xlviii.7), while the queen of Udaya I, built there the Kanthakacetiya, and her husband decorated the mountain with brightly coloured flags and streamers (Cv.xlix.23, 27). Sena I, gave to the monastery the income from the Kanavapi (Cv.l.72), and Sena II. Provided a hospital for the use of the monks there (Cv.li.73). Kassapa VI. built the Hadayunha Parivena and gifted it to the Dhammarucikas (Cv.lii.18). Parakkamabahu I restored all the old buildings which had been destroyed and built sixty four thupas (Cv.lxxviii.108).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Cetiyapabbata in India history glossary
Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Cetiyapabbata is the name of a vihāra that once existed in the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Cetiyapabbata Vihāra, called Seygiri or Sāgiri in Sinhalese literature and inscriptions, is modern Mihintale Vihāra. According to the tradition, the Thera Mahinda and his companions alighted in B.C. 246 on the Sīla peak, on the open tableland Ambatthala, on Missakapabbata: then followed the meeting with king Devānaṃpiya Tissa, the visit to Anurādhapura, the conversion of the king and the establishment of Buddhism as the religion of the Sinhalese people.

The Cetiyapabbata Vihāra on the Missaka mountain was founded by Devānaṃpiya Tissa and presented to Mahinda. A sapling of the Bodhi Tree was planted there. Cetiyapabbata was so named because numerous Cetiyas-Parakkamabāhu I (1153-1186) is said to have restored 64 Cetiyas there—were built on the hill at all levels from foot to summit. Fa-Hsien (411-413) says that therewere about 2,000 monks at Cetiyapabbata Vihāra in his time.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Cetiyapabbata (चेतियपब्बत) is the name of a mountain (pabbata) as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Cetiyapabbata (cf. Dīpavaṃsa and Mahāvaṃsa) is the Later name of the Missaka mountain, Ceylon.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cetiyapabbata in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cetiyapabbata : (m.) name of a mountain in Ceylon, present Mihintale.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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