Caturmasa, Catur-masa, Cāturmāsa, Caturmāsa, Catumāsa, Catumasa: 11 definitions


Caturmasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturmasa.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Caturmasa in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Caturmāsa (चतुर्मास) refers to “four months” (observance of the raudravrata), according to the Kiraṇatantra chapter 49 (dealing with vratacaryā).—Accordingly, “Garuḍa spoke: ‘You have taught me, O great Lord, the activities of the Neophyte, the Putraka and the Ācārya. Tell me those of the Sādhaka’. The Lord spoke: ‘[...] This is the auspicious Raudra-vrata: imposing with a chignon of matted locks, marked by a trident and khaṭvāṅga, equipped with a clean half skull, awe-inspiring with a third eye, clothed in the skin of a tiger, peaceful. For one firm [in this observance, the highest Siddhi will arise in six months]; middling [powers] in four months (caturmāsamāsaiścaturbhiś ca); the lowest [powers] will arise in three months. [...]’”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturmasa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caturmāsa (चतुर्मास).—m (S) The four monsoon months. See cāturmāsya.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

caturmāsa (चतुर्मास).—m The four monsoon months.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturmasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cāturmāsa (चातुर्मास).—a. [caturṣu māseṣu bhavaḥ aṇ] Produced in four months.

-sī 1 Name of a sacrifice (iṣṭi).

2) The day of full moon at this sacrifice.

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Caturmāsa (चतुर्मास).—a period of four months; (reckoned from the 11th day in the bright half of āṣāḍha to the 11th day in the bright half of kārtika).

Derivable forms: caturmāsam (चतुर्मासम्).

Caturmāsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and māsa (मास).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāturmāsa (चातुर्मास).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) Produced in four months. E. caturmāsa, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caturmāsa (चतुर्मास):—[=catur-māsa] [from catur > catasṛ] n. a period of 4 months, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) Cāturmāsa (चातुर्मास):—[from cātura] mfn. produced in 4 months, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāturmāsa (चातुर्मास):—[cātur-māsa] (saḥ-sī-saṃ) a. Produced in four months.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cāturmāsa (चातुर्मास) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Cāumāsa, Cāummāsa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturmasa in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Catumāsa 4 months, a season PvA. 96; Dpvs. I, 24, 37 (cā°); see under māsa;

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturmasa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Cāturmāsa (चातुर्मास):—[[~sika]] (a and nm) pertaining to the rainy season; the rainy season; comprised of four months; also ~[sya] (nm).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturmasa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cāturmāsa (ಚಾತುರ್ಮಾಸ):—

1) [noun] a religious vow, observed by usu. a sanyāsi, a religious mendicant, for four months (from the full moon-day ofāṣāḍa, the fourth month of a lunar year till the full moon-day of Kārtika, the eighth month) without moving from a particular place.

2) [noun] the duration of this vow.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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