Atharvan; 2 Definition(s)


Atharvan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Atharvan in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1a) Atharvan (अथर्वन्).—Married Śānti, a daughter of Kardama. It was he who spread yajña in the world.1 His son was Dadhyañca who had a horse's head.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 24. 24.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 1. 42.

1b) A Brāhman priest invited by Yudhiṣṭhira to officiate in his rājasūya sacrifice.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atharvan in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Atharvan (अथर्वन्).—m. [atha-ṛ-vanip śakandhvādi° Tv.; probably connected with some word like athar fire]

1) A priest who has to worship fire and Soma.

2) A Brāhmaṇa.

3) Name of the priest who is said to have first brought down fire from the heaven, offered Soma and recited prayers. [He is represented as the eldest son of Brahmā sprung from his mouth; as a Prajāpati appointed by Brahmā to create and protect subordinate beings, who first learnt from Brahmā and then taught the Brahmavidyā and is considered to be the author of the Veda called after him. His wife was Śānti, daughter of Kardama Prajāpati. He had also another wife called Chitti; he is also considered identical with Aṅgiras and father of Agni.]

4) Epithet of Śiva, Vasiṣṭha. वृतपदपङ्क्तिरथर्वणेव वेदः (vṛtapadapaṅktiratharvaṇeva vedaḥ) Kir. 1.1. -(pl.) Descendants of Atharvan; hymns of this Veda; जिष्णुं जैत्रैरथर्वभिः (jiṣṇuṃ jaitrairatharvabhiḥ) R.17.13.

-rvā-rva m. n., °वेदः (vedaḥ) The Atharvaveda, regarded as the fourth Veda. [It contains many forms of imprecations for the destruction of enemies and also contains a great number of prayers for safety and averting mishaps, evils, sins or calamities, and a number of hymns, as in the other Vedas, addressed to the gods with prayers to be used at religious and solemn rites; cf. Mv.2.24. मूर्तिमभिरामघोरां बिभ्रदिवाथर्वणो निगमः (mūrtimabhirāmaghorāṃ bibhradivātharvaṇo nigamaḥ). It has nine Śākhās and five Kalpas, and is comprised in 2 Kāṇḍas. The most important Brāhmaṇa belonging to this Veda is the Gopatha Brāhmaṇa, and the Upaniṣads pertaining to it are stated to be 52, or, according to another account 31.] [cf. Zend atharvan, Pers. áturbán.]

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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