Proshadha, Proṣadha: 5 definitions


Proshadha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Proṣadha can be transliterated into English as Prosadha or Proshadha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Proshadha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Proṣadha (प्रोषध) or Proṣadhapratimā represents the fourth of eleven pratimā (stages) laid down for Jain laymen. Proṣadha-pratimā refers to “fasting regularly, as a rule, twice a fortnight in each lunar month” according to J. L. Jaini in his “outlines of Jainism” (pp. 67-70). It is also known as Poṣadhopavāsa, Poṣadha or Proṣadhopavāsa.

These pratimās (e.g., proṣadha) form a series of duties and performances, the standard and duration of which rises periodically and which finally culminates in an attitude resembling monkhood. Thus the pratimās rise by degrees and every stage includes all the virtues practised in those preceeding it. The conception of eleven pratimās appears to be the best way of exhibiting the rules of conduct prescribved for the Jaina laymen.

Source: HereNow4U: Śrāvakācāra (Ethics of the Householder)

Proṣadha (प्रोषध) refers to one of the eleven pratimās (eleven stages for becoming excellent śrāvaka).—The third and fourth stages bear the designations of Sāmāyika and Proṣadha-pratimās respectively. A question may be asked: when Sāmāyika and Proṣadha-pratimās have been treated as Aṇūvrata, why have they been regarded as constituting the third and fourth Pratimās, respectively? As a matter of fact, these sum up the entire spiritual life of the householder. Besides, Sāmāyika, and Proṣadhopavāsa are closely interrelated and so influence each other. Proṣadhopavāsa assists in the due performance of Sāmāyika and sometimes Sāmāyika encourages the performance of the other with purity and zeal. In the science of spirituality theory cannot countervail practice. So, if these two Vratas are elevated to the rank of Pratimās, it is to favour the deepening of spiritual consciousness, and hence it is justifiable.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Proshadha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Proṣadha (प्रोषध).—Fasting; cf. प्रोषध (proṣadha).

Derivable forms: proṣadhaḥ (प्रोषधः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Proṣadha (प्रोषध):—m. fasting (= poṣadha), [Bhadrabāhu-caritra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Proshadha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prōṣadha (ಪ್ರೋಷಧ):—[noun] (jain.) a refraining from taking food from the second half of the first day, till the first half of the third day, for religious purpose.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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