Atiratra, Atirātra: 8 definitions

Introduction

Atiratra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Atiratra in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—He was one of the ten children born to Manu by Naḍvalā. (See MANU VAṂŚA). Kuru, Pūru, Śatadyumna, Tapasvī, Satyavān, Śuci, Agniṣṭoma, Atirātra, Sudyumna and Atimanyu were the names of the ten brilliant sons of Naḍvalā. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part I, Chapter 13).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu and Naḍvalā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79 & 106; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 42.

1b) A son of Manu and Naḍvalā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 5.

1c) A sacred rite (yajña) produced by the Creator.1 Done by Kaśyapa.2 Punarvasu born in the middle of the ritual of Aśvamedha;3 fruit of, by honey gift in ceremonies;4 from the face of Brahmā.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 51; 62. 67 and 91; 67. 50.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5, 4; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 65; 58, 53.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 119; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71, 120.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 79. 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 15. 11.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 52; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 55.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of atiratra in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Atirātra (अतिरात्र) refers to one of the seven Somasaṃsthās or Somayajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Atirātra] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of atiratra in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Atirātra.—(CII 3), name of a particular sacrifice. Note: atirātra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of atiratra in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—a. Ved. [अतिक्रान्तो रात्रिम् (atikrānto rātrim)] Prepared over night. ब्राह्मणासो अतिरात्रे न सोमे सरो न पूर्णमभितो वदन्तः (brāhmaṇāso atirātre na some saro na pūrṇamabhito vadantaḥ) Rv. 7.13.7,

-traḥ [atiśayitā rātriḥ, tataḥ astyarthe ac]

1) An optional part of the Jyotiṣṭoma sacrifice (ekarātrasādhya- gavāmayane prathamasaṃsthaḥ yāgabhedaḥ).

2) Dead of night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—[adjective] left over from last night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Atirātra (अतिरात्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—śr. Cs. 361.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atirātra (अतिरात्र):—[=ati-rātra] mfn. prepared or performed over-night, [Ṛg-veda vii, 103, 7]

2) [v.s. ...] m. an optional part of the Jyotiṣṭoma sacrifice

3) [v.s. ...] commencement and conclusion of certain sacrificial acts

4) [v.s. ...] the concluding Vedic verse chanted on such occasions, [Atharva-veda etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Cākṣuṣa the sixth Manu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of atiratra in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: