Atiratra, aka: Atirātra; 5 Definition(s)


Atiratra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Atiratra in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—He was one of the ten children born to Manu by Naḍvalā. (See MANU VAṂŚA). Kuru, Pūru, Śatadyumna, Tapasvī, Satyavān, Śuci, Agniṣṭoma, Atirātra, Sudyumna and Atimanyu were the names of the ten brilliant sons of Naḍvalā. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part I, Chapter 13).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu and Naḍvalā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79 & 106; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 42.

1b) A son of Manu and Naḍvalā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 5.

1c) A sacred rite (yajña) produced by the Creator.1 Done by Kaśyapa.2 Punarvasu born in the middle of the ritual of Aśvamedha;3 fruit of, by honey gift in ceremonies;4 from the face of Brahmā.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 51; 62. 67 and 91; 67. 50.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5, 4; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 65; 58, 53.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 119; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71, 120.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 79. 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 15. 11.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 52; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 55.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Atirātra (अतिरात्र) refers to one of the seven Somasaṃsthās or Somayajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Atirātra] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geogprahy

Atirātra.—(CII 3), name of a particular sacrifice. Note: atirātra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atiratra in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—a. Ved. [अतिक्रान्तो रात्रिम् (atikrānto rātrim)] Prepared over night. ब्राह्मणासो अतिरात्रे न सोमे सरो न पूर्णमभितो वदन्तः (brāhmaṇāso atirātre na some saro na pūrṇamabhito vadantaḥ) Rv. 7.13.7,

-traḥ [atiśayitā rātriḥ, tataḥ astyarthe ac]

1) An optional part of the Jyotiṣṭoma sacrifice (ekarātrasādhya- gavāmayane prathamasaṃsthaḥ yāgabhedaḥ).

2) Dead of night.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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