Atiratra, Atirātra: 14 definitions


Atiratra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Atiratra in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—He was one of the ten children born to Manu by Naḍvalā. (See MANU VAṂŚA). Kuru, Pūru, Śatadyumna, Tapasvī, Satyavān, Śuci, Agniṣṭoma, Atirātra, Sudyumna and Atimanyu were the names of the ten brilliant sons of Naḍvalā. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part I, Chapter 13).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu and Naḍvalā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79 & 106; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 42.

1b) A son of Manu and Naḍvalā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 5.

1c) A sacred rite (yajña) produced by the Creator.1 Done by Kaśyapa.2 Punarvasu born in the middle of the ritual of Aśvamedha;3 fruit of, by honey gift in ceremonies;4 from the face of Brahmā.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 51; 62. 67 and 91; 67. 50.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5, 4; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 65; 58, 53.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 119; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71, 120.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 79. 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 15. 11.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 52; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 55.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Atirātra (अतिरात्र) refers to one of the seven Somasaṃsthās or Somayajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Atirātra] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Atirātra (अतिरात्र) refers to the “sacrifice extending beyond the night” and represents one of the various rituals mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Atirātra is one of the seven somayajñas.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Atirātra.—(CII 3), name of a particular sacrifice. Note: atirātra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—a. Ved. [अतिक्रान्तो रात्रिम् (atikrānto rātrim)] Prepared over night. ब्राह्मणासो अतिरात्रे न सोमे सरो न पूर्णमभितो वदन्तः (brāhmaṇāso atirātre na some saro na pūrṇamabhito vadantaḥ) Ṛgveda 7.13.7,

-traḥ [atiśayitā rātriḥ, tataḥ astyarthe ac]

1) An optional part of the Jyotiṣṭoma sacrifice (ekarātrasādhya- gavāmayane prathamasaṃsthaḥ yāgabhedaḥ).

2) Dead of night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—[adjective] left over from last night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Atirātra (अतिरात्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—śr. Cs. 361.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atirātra (अतिरात्र):—[=ati-rātra] mfn. prepared or performed over-night, [Ṛg-veda vii, 103, 7]

2) [v.s. ...] m. an optional part of the Jyotiṣṭoma sacrifice

3) [v.s. ...] commencement and conclusion of certain sacrificial acts

4) [v.s. ...] the concluding Vedic verse chanted on such occasions, [Atharva-veda etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Cākṣuṣa the sixth Manu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atirātra (अतिरात्र):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-traḥ) 1) The name of the fifth part or Soma-saṃsthā of the Jyotiṣṭoma sacrifice, for the complete performance of which, however, it is not considered nitya, essential or obligatory but kāmya, voluntary, viz. if the sacrificer institutes it for the sake of progeny, and therefore anitya, not always taking place, supererogatory. (See agniṣṭoma.)

2) The usual beginning and concluding part of those Ahargaṇa sacrifices which are called Sattra (q. v.) and the beginning or the concluding part of those which are called Ahīna (q. v.). There are, however, exceptions to this rule, see f. i. pañcadaśarātra, kuṇḍapāyināmayana.

3) The name of the Sāmaveda verse which closes the ceremonies of the sacrifices mentioned before.

4) A proper name, the son of Chākṣuṣa or the sixth Manu by Nadvalā. E. ati (sc. krāntaḥ) and rātri (in the sense of the accusative), samāsānta aff. ac; properly meaning ‘lasting beyond a night’.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Atirātra (अतिरात्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Airatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atiratra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Atirātra (ಅತಿರಾತ್ರ):—

1) [noun] an optional part of the Jyōtiṣṭōma sacrifice.

2) [noun] The middle of the night; 12 o'clock at night; dead of night.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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