Atiratra, aka: Atirātra; 5 Definition(s)
Atiratra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—He was one of the ten children born to Manu by Naḍvalā. (See MANU VAṂŚA). Kuru, Pūru, Śatadyumna, Tapasvī, Satyavān, Śuci, Agniṣṭoma, Atirātra, Sudyumna and Atimanyu were the names of the ten brilliant sons of Naḍvalā. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part I, Chapter 13).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu and Naḍvalā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79 & 106; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 42.
1b) A son of Manu and Naḍvalā.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 5.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 51; 62. 67 and 91; 67. 50.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5, 4; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 65; 58, 53.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 119; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71, 120.
- 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 79. 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 15. 11.
- 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 52; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 55.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Atirātra (अतिरात्र) refers to one of the seven Somasaṃsthās or Somayajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Atirātra] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
India history and geogprahy
Atirātra.—(CII 3), name of a particular sacrifice. Note: atirātra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Atirātra (अतिरात्र).—a. Ved. [अतिक्रान्तो रात्रिम् (atikrānto rātrim)] Prepared over night. ब्राह्मणासो अतिरात्रे न सोमे सरो न पूर्णमभितो वदन्तः (brāhmaṇāso atirātre na some saro na pūrṇamabhito vadantaḥ) Rv. 7.13.7,
-traḥ [atiśayitā rātriḥ, tataḥ astyarthe ac]
1) An optional part of the Jyotiṣṭoma sacrifice (ekarātrasādhya- gavāmayane prathamasaṃsthaḥ yāgabhedaḥ).
2) Dead of night.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 17 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Nala (नल) or Naḍa.—m. (-ḍaḥ or -laḥ) 1. A sort of reed, (Arundo tibialis, or karka;) also nala....
1) Sūci (सूचि) refers to a “needle” and represents one of the items held in the left hand of He...
Saṃskāra (संस्कार).—m. (-raḥ) 1. Completing, accomplishing, finishing, perfecting. 2. Apprehens...
Māgha (माघ) is the first month of the “cold season” (śiśira) in the traditional Indian calendar...
Uru (उरु).—mfn. (-ruḥ-ruḥ-rvī-ru) 1. Large, great. 2. Much, excessive. 3. Long. 4. Valuable, pr...
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—f. (-kā) 1. The third of the lunar mansions, or constellations in the moon’...
Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—m. (-suḥ) The seventh of the lunar asterisms, containing according to som...
Somasaṃsthā (सोमसंस्था) or Somayajña refers to a group of seven sacrifices.—Hārīta says: “Let a...
Abhijit (अभिजित्).—f. (-jit) 1. One of the Nakshatras or lunar asterisms. 2. The eighth muhurtt...
Pariplava (परिप्लव).—mfn. (-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) 1. Shaking, trembling. 2. Unsteady, restless, moveable....
Naḍvalā (नड्वला).—(a) The wife of Manu, the son of Cākṣuṣa Manu. Ten sons named Ūru, Pūru, Śata...
Ahīna (अहीन).—mfn. (-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Possessed of, not deprived of. 2. Not out-caste or vile. E....
Agneyī (अग्नेयी) or Agneya.—[, read Āg°, q.v.]--- OR --- Āgneyī (आग्नेयी).—so doubtless read fo...
Pāṇikhātā (पाणिखाता).—(°ta, °da or °dā; compare Sanskrit °ta, below, and Pāṇihatā), n. of a riv...
Cākṣuṣamanu (चाक्षुषमनु).—General. The sixth of the fourteen Manus. (See Manvantara). Genealogy...
Search found 24 books and stories containing Atiratra, Atirātra; (plurals include: Atiratras, Atirātras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa XII, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Twelfth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XI, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 5 < [Eleventh Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XII, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Twelfth Kāṇḍa]
Baudhayana Dharmasutra (by Georg Bühler)
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Vedānta-sūtras Part I (by George Thibaut)
I, 4, 13 < [First Adhyāya, Fourth Pāda]
II, 1, 27 < [Second Adhyāya, First Pāda]
I, 1, 2 < [First Adhyāya, First Pāda]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 24 - Piṅgatīrtha, Narmadā, Dvārāvatī, Timi etc. < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
Chapter 27 - The rite (vidhi) of installation of Lakes etc. < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 32 - Sugandha, Arundhatīvaṭa, Sindhuprabhava etc. < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
The Ramayana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)