Artava, Ārtava: 6 definitions



Artava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Ārtava (आर्तव) is a Sanskrit terchnical term referring to the “female reproductive tissues” and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhita.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ārtava (आर्तव).—Five sons of Brahmā: represented by agniṣvāttas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 152; 23. 75-77; 28. 16 ff.

1b) Five sons of Ṛtus: These are half months: Represent Pitṛs;1 sections of the year; depend on the seasons.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 141. 14 and 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 18, 22.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 14; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 19-25, 149.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārtava (आर्तव).—a. (-vā-vī f.) [ऋतुरस्य प्राप्तः, अण् (ṛturasya prāptaḥ, aṇ)]

1) Conforming or relating to the season; seasonal; अभिभूय विभूतिमार्तवीम् (abhibhūya vibhūtimārtavīm) R.8.36, स्वयमङ्गेषु ममेदमार्तवम् (svayamaṅgeṣu mamedamārtavam) Ku.4.68; लताभिः श्रीरिवार्तवी (latābhiḥ śrīrivārtavī) V.1.13; vernal; R.9.28,48.

2) Menstruai, relating to or produced by this discharge.

-vaḥ A section of the year, a combination of several seasons (Ved.).

-vī A mare.

-vam The menstrual discharge (of women), नोपगच्छेत्प्रमत्तोऽपि स्त्रियमार्तवदर्शने (nopagacchetpramatto'pi striyamārtavadarśane) Ms.4.4, 3.48.

2) Certain days after menstrual discharge, favourable to conception.

3) Menstrual ablution; गिरिकायाः प्रयच्छाशु तस्या ह्यार्तवमद्य वै (girikāyāḥ prayacchāśu tasyā hyārtavamadya vai) Mb.1.63.55.

4) A flower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārtava (आर्तव).—i. e. ṛtu + a. I. adj., f. , Seasonable, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 30, 16. Ii. n. 1. The menstrual discharge, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 40; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 391. 2. The approved time for cohabitation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 48, cf. 46.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārtava (आर्तव).—[adjective] seasonable, menstrual; [neuter] the menstrual discharge.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ārtava (आर्तव):—mf(ī)n. ([from] ṛtu), belonging or conforming to the seasons or periods of time, seasonable, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kumāra-sambhava; Raghuvaṃśa; Vikramorvaśī] etc.

2) menstrual, relating to or produced by this discharge, [Suśruta]

3) m. a section of the year, a combination of several seasons, [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc.

4) n. the menstrual discharge, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Suśruta; Manu-smṛti]

5) the ten days after the menstrual discharge fit for generation, [Manu-smṛti; Suśruta]

6) fluid discharged by the female of an animal at the time of rut, [Suśruta]

7) a flower, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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