Adhvara: 16 definitions


Adhvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Adhvara (अध्वर) refers to a “religious sacrifice” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.6 (“The miraculous feat of Kārttikeya”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin named Nārada said to Kumāra (Kārttikeya): “O lord, listen to my words. Relieve my distress. You are the lord of the universe. I seek refuge in you. I began a goat sacrifice (aja-medha-adhvara). The goat got loosened and strayed away from my house. I do not know where it has gone. I have searched for it here and there but have not found it. Hence this will cause a serious default in my sacrifice. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Adhvara (अध्वर).—An yajña; fires in, described.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 41.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Adhvara (अध्वर) refers to the Soma sacrifice, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—(cf. Śatapathabrāhmaṇa, Kāṇḍas III and IV, SBE XXVI.)

Accordingly, as Vāsupūjya said:—“[...] Truthful speech never emanates from persons whose minds are impure from the faults, love, etc. Likewise, what dharma is there of those who perform sacrificial rites of offerings and oblations of ghī, etc, and who build many pious works, such as tanks, wells, and pools; of those [...] who live by eating the organs of goats killed in the Soma sacrifice (i.e., Adhvara) with the idea of prosperity [...] and of others whose minds are untouched by the teaching of the Jina—what dharma is there of these? Where is its fruit? How can there be good proclamation of it?”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhvara (अध्वर).—m S A sacrifice. 2 A kind of demigod.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhvara (अध्वर).—m A sacrifice. adhvaryu m An offici- ating priest at a sacrifice. A presi- dent, a leading man.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhvara (अध्वर).—a. [na dhvarati kuṭilo na bhavati dhvṛ-ac. na. ta.; dhvaratirhiṃsākarmā tatpratiṣedho nipātaḥ ahiṃsraḥ Nir.]

1) Not crooked, not broken, uninterrupted; इमं यज्ञमवतामध्वरं नः (imaṃ yajñamavatāmadhvaraṃ naḥ) Yajurveda 27. 17 (adhvaram = akuṭilaṃ śāstroktam).

2) Intent, attentive.

3) Durable, sound.

4) Not injuring; ततोऽध्वरजटः स्थाणु- र्वेदाध्वरपतिः शिवः (tato'dhvarajaṭaḥ sthāṇu- rvedādhvarapatiḥ śivaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.256.19.

-raḥ [adhvānaṃ satpathaṃ rāti dadāti phalatvena, rā-ka] A sacrifice, a religious ceremony; also a Soma sacrifice; तमध्वरे विश्वजिति (tamadhvare viśvajiti) R.5.1.

-raḥ -ram 1 Sky or air (ākāśa).

2) The second of the 8 Vasus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhvara (अध्वर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A sacrifice. 2. A Vasu, or a kind of demigod. 3. Intent, attentive, careful. E. a neg. dhvṝ to bend or make crooked, and ac affix; or adhva a road, and ra from to give; leading to heaven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhvara (अध्वर).—i. e. perhaps a-dhvṛ + a or adhvan + a (with r for n, cf. aṅghri), m. A sacrifice, Chr. 288, 11 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhvara (अध्वर).—[masculine] religious service, sacrifice, [especially] [adjective] greater one.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhvara (अध्वर):—[=a-dhvara] mfn. (√dhvṛ), not injuring, [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a sacrifice (especially the Soma sacrifice)

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Vasu

4) [v.s. ...] of the chief of a family

5) [v.s. ...] n. sky or air, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Ādhvara (आध्वर):—m. Name of a man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhvara (अध्वर):—[bahuvrihi compound] I. m. f. n.

(-raḥ-rā-ram) 1) Not crooked, honest proper (ved.)

2) Not perishable, lasting (in its consequences, as a sacrifice; ved.).

3) Intent, attentive. (It is doubtful whether this word in the two meanings ‘not crooked’ and ‘not perishable’, occurs in the femin. gender, as it is used in the Vedas either absolutely as a neuter or as epithet of yajña in the mascul. Nor is the latter meaning ‘intent, attentive’, a usual one, though it is given in several of the native dictionaries.) Ii. m.

(-raḥ) 1) Sacrifice in general, but in the ritual works mostly used as the denomination of the greater sacrifices or those performed with the juice of the Soma plant; see also saumyādhvara and adhvarakāṇḍa.

2) The name of a Vasu (q. v.).

3) The proper name of the chief of a renowned family. See ādhvarāyaṇa. Iii. n.

(-ram) Sky, atmosphere (ved.). E. a priv. and dhvara ‘having no crookedness, dishonesty &c.’ or according to others ‘preventing, not allowing of injury’; another etym. makes this word, but erroneously, a [tatpurusha compound] from adhvan and ra ‘giving or affording the road (scil. to heaven)’.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhvara (अध्वर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A sacrifice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Adhvara (अध्वर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Addhara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adhvara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Adhvara (ಅಧ್ವರ):—[noun] a religious sacrifice, esp. Soma sacrifice, in which drinking Soma drink was a main ritual.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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