Aṇuka, Anuka, Anūka, Ānūka: 12 definitions


Aṇuka means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Aṇuka (अणुक) refers to “atoms”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Sentient beings, inflamed by very intense pleasure [and] unsteady from affliction by wrong faith, wander about in a five-fold life that is difficult to be traversed. It has been stated at length that the cycle of rebirth which is full of suffering is five-fold on account of combining substance [com.—substance (dravyaṃ) is a combination of two atoms (i.e. the first step in the formation of substances when they become perceptible), etc. (dvyaṇukādi)] , place, right time, life and intention”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aṇuka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aṇuka, (adj.) = aṇu Sn.146, KhA 246. (Page 17)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṇuka (अणुक).—a. [svārthe kan]

1) Very small, atomic.

2) Subtle, too fine.

3) Acute.

-kaḥ A small kind of grain, See अणु (aṇu).

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Anuka (अनुक).—a. [anu-kan P.V.2.74, anukāmayate iti anukaḥ kamitā Sk.]

1) Greedy; desirous.

2) Libidinous, lustful (as a lover).

3) Sloping.

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Anūka (अनूक).—[anu-uc samavāye ka nipātaḥ kutvam; or fr. añc with anu]

1) the backbone, spine (vaṅkrdhāryā āyataḥ pṛṣṭhāsthiviśeṣaḥ); सदं चानूकं च गृहपतेः (sadaṃ cānūkaṃ ca gṛhapateḥ) Ait. Br. (where Sāy. remarks anūkaṃ mūtravastiḥ syāt sāsnetyeke vadanti ca).

2) A kind of sacrificial vessel; according to some, the back part of the altar; अयुग्मागणमध्यमानूके (ayugmāgaṇamadhyamānūke).

3) Former birth or state of existence.

-kam 1 Family, race.

2) Disposition, temperament; character, peculiarity of race; व्याधर्क्षनकुलानूकैः पैत्तिका हि नराः स्मृताः (vyādharkṣanakulānūkaiḥ paittikā hi narāḥ smṛtāḥ) Suśr. cf. अनूकम- स्त्रियां वंशे शीले च गतजन्मनि (anūkama- striyāṃ vaṃśe śīle ca gatajanmani) Nm.

-kā f. Name of an Apsaras; Hariv.

Derivable forms: anūkaḥ (अनूकः), anūkam (अनूकम्).

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Ānūka (आनूक).—Ved. Ornament, jewels; आनूकमर्यो वपुषे नार्चत् (ānūkamaryo vapuṣe nārcat) Ṛgveda 5.33.9. ind. In abundance, greatly.

Derivable forms: ānūkam (आनूकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṇuka (अणुक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Skilful, clever. 2. Small, minute. E. aṇu small, and kan aff.

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Anuka (अनुक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Lustful, libidinous. E. anu and ka from kama to desire.

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Anūka (अनूक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A former state of existence. n.

(-kaṃ) 1. Race, family. 2. Disposition, temperament. E. anu, uca to associate, and ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anūka (अनूक).—[masculine] [neuter] the spine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṇuka (अणुक):—[from aṇ] mfn. fine, minute, atomic

2) [v.s. ...] clever, ([gana] yāvādi q.v.)

3) [v.s. ...] n. an atom.

4) Anuka (अनुक):—[=anu-ka] [from anu] mf(ā)n. subordinate, dependent, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] ‘being after’, lustful, [Pāṇini 5-2, 74.]

6) Anukā (अनुका):—[=anu-√kā] [Parasmaipada] -kāyati = abhidhatte, [Patañjali]

7) Anūka (अनूक):—mn. (√añc with anu), the backbone, spine

8) the back part of the altar

9) a former state of existence

10) n. race, family, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) peculiarity of race, disposition, character, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

12) Anūkā (अनूका):—[from anūka] f. Name of an Apsaras, [Harivaṃśa]

13) Āṇuka (आणुक):—n. dirt in the eye, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Āṇūka (आणूक):—n. dirt in the eye, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Ānūka (आनूक):—n. ([from] anv-añc), ‘lying close to’, ornament, jewels, [Ṛg-veda v, 33, 9] ([according to, [Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung] ānūkam ind. subsequently; but, [Sāyaṇa] explains the word by ābharaṇa]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṇuka (अणुक):—m. f. n.

(-kaḥ-kā-kam) 1) Small, minute, atomic.

2) Acute, skilful, clever. E. aṇu, taddh. aff. kan; in 1. without altering the meaning of aṇu; in 2. with the sense of comparison, ‘like one who sees minute objects, who is sharp-sighted’, &c.

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Anuka (अनुक):—m. f. n.

(-kaḥ-kā-kam) Desirous, lustful, libidinous. E. anu (the particle), taddh. aff. kan; acc. to others, a [tatpurusha compound], E. kam with anu, kṛt aff. ḍa.

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Anūka (अनूक):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m.

(-kaḥ) 1) The spine (ved.).

2) A part of the altar(?) (ved.).

3) A former state of existence. 2. n.

(-kam) Race, family. 3. m. n.

(-kaḥ-kam) Disposition, temperament. E. The native etym. derives it from uc with anu, kṛt aff. ka or even from kai with anu, kṛt aff. ka with the prolongation of u; but it comes more probably from ac with anu, and stands in the same relation to anvac as pratīka to pratyac, samīka to samyac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṇuka (अणुक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Small; skilful.

2) Anuka (अनुक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Lustful.

3) Anūka (अनूक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A former state of existence. n. Race; disposition.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aṇuka (अणुक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇuya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aṇuka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anuka (ಅನುಕ):—

1) [adjective] wanting or taking all that one can get, with no thought of otherś needs; desiring more than one needs or deserves; avaricious; covetous; greedy.

2) [adjective] full of or characterised by lust; lewd; lascivious; libidinous.

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Anuka (ಅನುಕ):—

1) [noun] a highly greedy man.

2) [noun] a person who greedily eats too much; a glutton.

3) [noun] a man with reference to the woman to whom he is married; a husband.

4) [noun] an inclined surface or plane; a downward slope; inclination.

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Anūka (ಅನೂಕ):—

1) [noun] the column of bones along the centre of the back of vertebrate animals, including humans, made up of separate bones connected by the spinal cord, ligaments, and disk-shaped cartilage; the spine; the back-bone.

2) [noun] the life previous to the present one.

3) [noun] essential quality; nature; kind or sort or the pattern of behaviour or personality found in an individual.

4) [noun] all those claiming descent from a common ancestor, esp. the noble one.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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