by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam | 1979 | 143,852 words
This volume of Chola Temples covers Kulottunga I to Rajendra III in the timeframe A.D. 1070-1280. The Cholas of Southern India left a remarkable stamp in the history of Indian architecture and sculpture. Besides that, the Chola dynasty was a successful ruling dynasty even conquering overseas regions....
Madarvelur is a village about 6.5 km. west of the railway station of Sirkali on the main line of the Southern Railway.
From the only record on the west wall of the Siva temple here (ARE 38 of 1918), we come to know that in the 19th year of Tribhu-vana-chakravartin Rajarajadeva, a gift of land was made to the temples of Matulisvaram Udaiyar and Vikramasolisvaram Udaiyar at Matuli-velur alias Akalanka chaturvedimangalam in Venpanaiyur nadu, a subdivision of Rajadhiraja valanadu, by the Great Assembly for offerings and repairs. The christening of the village as Akalanka-chaturvedimangalam would indicate that it was named after a surname of Vikrama Chola. The inscription refers to two temples, both of which may be attributed to Vikrama Chola’s period.
It is an ekatala stone temple with a circular grim and sikhara. On the three free sides of the garbhagriha there are three well-adorned devakoshtas with a frontispiece fashioned like a with pilasters on either side with two engaged pillars at the ends.
Vikrama Cholisvaram Udaiyar temple
This temple may be identified as the Vikrama Cholisvaram of die inscription found on the wall of its garbhagriha. (Pis. 190-2).