Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes the nature of obstructive-karmas which is verse 6.27 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 27 of the chapter Influx of Karmas and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 6.27 - The nature of Obstructive-karmas

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 6.27:

विघ्नकरणमन्तरायस्य ॥ ६.२७ ॥

vighnakaraṇamantarāyasya || 6.27 ||

Laying obstacles (vighna) (in way of charity, etc.) is the cause of the influx of obstructive (antarāya) karmas. (27)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: [विघ्नकरणम्] दान, लाभ, भोग, उपभोग तथा वीर्य में विघ्न करना सो [अन्तरायस्य] अन्तराय कर्म के आस्रव का कारण हैं।

Anvayartha: [vighnakaranam] dana, labha, bhoga, upabhoga tatha virya mem vighna karana so [antarayasya] antaraya karma ke asrava ka karana haim |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

What is the cause of influx of obstructive (antarāya) karmas?

Charity (dāna), etc., have been explained already (see sūtra 2-4). Laying obstacles in way of these causes influx of obstructive (antarāya) karmas. Now an objection is raised. Spite against knowledge–pradoṣa, concealment of knowledge–nihnava, etc., have been described as specific causes for the influx of knowledge-and perception-obscuring karmas (see sūtra 6-10). Are these specific causes for the influx of particular karmas or common causes for the influx of all karmas without any distinction? If these are admitted to be specific causes, then it will contradict the Scripture, for it is said in the Scripture that the seven karmas–with the exception of life-determining (ayuḥ) karma–flow into the souI simultaneously every instant. That will be a contradiction. If, on the other hand, these are considered as common causes, then it is not proper to mention these as specific causes. The justification is this. There is no fixed rule that the enumerated activities will cause bondage of all karmas with regard to space-bondage (pradeśa bandha). But the enumerated activities cause the type of bondage that determines fruition–anubhāga bandha–every instant. Therefore, these have been mentioned separately.

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