Nihnava: 7 definitions


Nihnava means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Nihnava (निह्नव, “concealment”) refers to “concealment of true knowledge” and it is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas which obscure knowledge and perception.

Nihnava is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Nihnava (निह्नव).—What is meant by ‘concealment (nihnava) of knowledge’? Not responding to a query i.e. does not reply saying I dont know by a learned person despite knowing fully the answer is concealment of knowledge (nihnava).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nihnava (निह्नव).—

1) Denial, concealment of knowledge; कार्यः स्वमतिनिह्नवः (kāryaḥ svamatinihnavaḥ) Māl.1.12; Chandr.5.27.

2) Secrecy, concealment in general; निह्नवे याचितो दद्याद्धनं राज्ञे च तत्समम् (nihnave yācito dadyāddhanaṃ rājñe ca tatsamam) Y.2.11,267.

3) A secret.

4) Mistrust; doubt, suspicion.

5) Wickedness.

6) Atonement, expiation; तस्यैष व्यभिचारस्य निह्नवः सम्यगुच्यते (tasyaiṣa vyabhicārasya nihnavaḥ samyagucyate) Ms.9.21.

7) Contradiction.

8) Obscuring, surpassing.

9) Excuse, exculpation.

Derivable forms: nihnavaḥ (निह्नवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nihnava (निह्नव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Denial or concealment of knowledge, dissimulation, secrecy. 2. Concealment in general. 3. Mistrust, doubt, suspicion. 4. Wickedness. 5. A secret. 6. Excuse. E. ni before, hnu to hide or secrete aff. ap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nihnava (निह्नव).—i. e. ni-hnu + a, m. 1. Denial, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 11. 2. Concealment, 267. 3. Secrecy, Mahābhārata 9376. 4. Distrust, 5, 1362. 5. Expiation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nihnava (निह्नव).—[masculine] denial, concealment, contradiction, excuse, expiation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nihnava (निह्नव):—[=ni-hnava] [from ni-hnu] m. begging pardon, making amends or reparation (a kind of ceremony at which the Ṛtvij lay their hands upon the Prastara and recite, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā v, 7]), [Sāyaṇa on Aitareya-brāhmaṇa i, 26] (also hnavana, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa])

2) [v.s. ...] atonement, expiation, amends for ([genitive case]), [Manu-smṛti ix, 21]

3) [v.s. ...] denial, concealment, secrecy, mistrust, suspicion, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

4) [v.s. ...] contradiction, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] eclipsing, obscuring, surpassing, [Kāvyādarśa]

6) [v.s. ...] wickedness, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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