Pradosha, Pradoṣa, Pradoṣā, Prādoṣa: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pradosha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pradoṣa and Pradoṣā and Prādoṣa can be transliterated into English as Pradosa or Pradosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Pradosh.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pradosha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष).—The grandson of Dhruva. Puṣpārṇa, son of Dhruva, begot of his wife Prabhā three sons named Pradoṣa, Niśītha and Vyuṣṭa. (Bhāgavata, 4th Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Pradoṣa (प्रदोष).—A son of Doṣa and Puṣpārṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 14.

2) Pradoṣā (प्रदोषा).—A Śakti on the Soḍaśapatrābjā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 32. 12.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष) refers to:—Evening. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष) refers to “evening”.—The auspicious 3-hour period, 1½ hours before and after sunset. Pradoṣa especially refers to this period on the 13th (trayodaśī) tithi of each fortnight, an optimum time of the month for meditation. Its observance, prepared for by fasting, is called pradoṣa-vrata.

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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष, “slander”) refers to “slander of true knowledge” and it is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas which obscure knowledge and perception.

Pradoṣa is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष).—What is meant by ‘spite (pradoṣa) against knowledge’? When someone is giving an exposition of true knowledge for attaining liberation, another is spiteful or resentment in his attitude towards it (him and his exposition) is spite against knowledge (pradoṣa).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pradōṣa (प्रदोष).—m (S) Evening, the first part of the night. 2 A vrata or observance in worship of Shiva in the evening of the thirteenth lunar day. 3 A day on which the fourth lunar day, or seventh, or thirteenth, occurs in the first part of the night,--a season in which the reading of the Vedas is prohibited.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pradōṣa (प्रदोष).—m Evening, the first part of the night. A vrata or observance in worship of Shiva in the evening of the thirteenth lunar day.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष).—a. Bad, corrupt.

-ṣaḥ 1 (a) A fault, defect, sin, offence. (b) Transgression, violation.

2) Disordered condition, such as mutiny, rebellion.

3) Evening, nightfall, the first part of the night; प्रदोषो रजनीमुखम् (pradoṣo rajanīmukham) Ak; 'प्रदोषेऽध्ययनं धीमान्न करोति यथाक्रमम् (pradoṣe'dhyayanaṃ dhīmānna karoti yathākramam)' Śabda. Ch.; तमःस्वभावास्तेऽप्यन्ये प्रदोषमनुयायिनः (tamaḥsvabhāvāste'pyanye pradoṣamanuyāyinaḥ) Śi.2.98 (where pradoṣa primarily means 'corrupt' or 'bad'); व्रजसुन्दरीजनमन- स्तोषप्रदोषः (vrajasundarījanamana- stoṣapradoṣaḥ) Gīt.5; Ku.5.44; R.1.93; Ṛs.1.12.

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Prādoṣa (प्रादोष).—a. (-ṣī f.), [prādoṣika] a. (- f.), Relating to the evening.

See also (synonyms): prādoṣika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) 1. Evening, the first part of the night. 2. Fault, offence. defect, transgression. 3. A disordered condition. E. pra implying commencement, &c. and doṣa fault.

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Prādoṣa (प्रादोष).—mfn.

(-ṣaḥ-ṣī-ṣaṃ) Belonging, or relating to the evening. E. pradoṣa evening, aff. aṇ; also with ṭhañ aff. prādoṣika .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष).—[pra-doṣa], m. 1. Offence. 2. Evening, the first part of the night, [Pañcatantra] 186, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष).—1. [masculine] disorder (of body or state); mutiny, insurrection.

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Pradoṣa (प्रदोष).—2. [adjective] bad, evil.

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Pradoṣa (प्रदोष).—3. [masculine] evening, nightfall; ṣam [adverb] at dusk.

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Prādoṣa (प्रादोष).—[adjective] vespertine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pradoṣa (प्रदोष):—[=pra-doṣa] [from pra-duṣ] 1. pra-doṣa mfn. (for 2. See [column]2) corrupt, bad, wicked, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

2) [v.s. ...] m. defect, fault, disordered condition (of the body or of a country), mutiny, rebellion, [Pañcatantra]

3) [=pra-doṣa] 2. pra-doṣa m. (for 1. See under pra-duṣ) the first part of the night, evening (also personified as a son of Doṣā and associated with Niśitha and Vyuṣṭa), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa] etc.

4) Prādoṣa (प्रादोष):—[=prā-doṣa] [from prā] mfn. belonging or relating to the evening, vespertine, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष):—1. m. ein gestörter Zustand (im *Körper , im Reich) , Aufruhr , Empörung.

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Pradoṣa (प्रदोष):—2. Adj. böse , schlecht.

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Pradoṣa (प्रदोष):—3. m.

1) Abend , Eintritt der Nacht. ṣam Abends , bei Dunkel.

2) personificirt als Sohn der Doṣā.

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Prādoṣa (प्रादोष):—Adj. abendlich , am Abend erscheinend u.s.w. dugdha n. am Abend gemolkene Milch [Bhāvaprakāśa 2,44.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pradosha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pradoṣa (प्रदोष) [Also spelled pradosh]:—(nm) (the fast undertaken on) the thirteenth day of each lunar fortnight; also —[vrata].

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