Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes influx of karmas leading to low-status (ucca-gotra) which is verse 6.26 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 26 of the chapter Influx of Karmas and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 6.26 - Influx of Karmas leading to low-status (ucca-gotra)

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 6.26:

तद्विपर्ययौ नीचैर्वृत्त्यनुत्सेको चोत्तरस्य ॥ ६.२६ ॥

tadviparyayau nīcairvṛttyanutseko cottarasya || 6.26 ||

The opposites of those mentioned in the previous sūtra and humility (namravṛtti) and modesty (anutseka) cause the influx (āsrava) of karmas that lead to high-status (uccagotra). (26)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: [तद्विपर्ययः] उस नीच गोत्रकर्म के आस्रव के कारणों से विपरीत अर्थात् परप्रशंसा, आत्मनिंदा इत्यादि [च] तथा [नोचैर्वृत्त्यनुत्सेको] नम्र वृत्ति होना तथा मद का अभाव-सो [उत्तरस्य] दूसरे गोत्रकर्म अर्थात् उच्च गोत्रकर्म के आस्रव का कारण हैं।

Anvayartha: [tadviparyayah] usa nica gotrakarma ke asrava ke karanom se viparita arthat paraprashamsa, atmanimda ityadi [ca] tatha [nocairvrittyanutseko] namra vritti hona tatha mada ka abhava-so [uttarasya] dusare gotrakarma arthat ucca gotrakarma ke asrava ka karana haim |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

What is the cause of the influx of karmas that lead to high-status (uccagotra)?

The word ‘tad’–‘that’–in the sūtra refers to the causes of the influx of karmas that lead to low-status, just mentioned. ‘Viparyaya’ are the opposites. What are the opposites? The opposites are censuring oneself, praising others, proclaiming existent qualities (in others), and not proclaiming non-existent qualities (in oneself). Bowing before the virtuous with veneration is humility–namravṛtti or nīcaiḥvṛtti. To be free from pride in spite of possessing knowledge, etc., is modesty–anutseka. To be free from pride means the absence of egotism or haughtiness. These cause influx of karmas that lead to high-status (uccagotra).

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: