Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana

by Gaurapada Dāsa | 2015 | 234,703 words

Baladeva Vidyabhusana’s Sahitya-kaumudi covers all aspects of poetical theory except the topic of dramaturgy. All the definitions of poetical concepts are taken from Mammata’s Kavya-prakasha, the most authoritative work on Sanskrit poetical rhetoric. Baladeva Vidyabhushana added the eleventh chapter, where he expounds additional ornaments from Visv...

Text 10.89 [Prativastūpamā]

13. Prativastūpamā

प्रतिवस्तूपमा तु सा ॥ १०.१०१d ॥
सामान्यस्य द्विर् एकस्य यत्र वाक्य-द्वये स्थितिः ॥ १०.१०२ab ॥

prativastūpamā tu sā || 10.101d ||
sāmānyasya dvir ekasya yatra vākya-dvaye sthitiḥ || 10.102ab ||

prativastu-upamā—the ornament called prativastūpamā; tu—(used to express a new beginning); —that; sāmānyasya—[of one] common attribute; dviḥ—there is two; ekasya—of one; yatra vākya-dvaye—in which pair of sentences; sthitiḥ

When a single attribute is in two sentences, that is prativastūpamā (two sentences have an implied similarity).

ekasya sādharmyasyopamāna-vākye upameya-vākye ca śabda-bhedena ced vṛttis tadā prativastūpamā.

If the same attribute is in both the upamāna sentence and in the upameya sentence by a difference in the wording, that is prativastūpamā.

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