Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.89.17

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ए॒वा ते॑ व॒यमि॑न्द्र भुञ्जती॒नां वि॒द्याम॑ सुमती॒नां नवा॑नाम् । वि॒द्याम॒ वस्तो॒रव॑सा गृ॒णन्तो॑ वि॒श्वामि॑त्रा उ॒त त॑ इन्द्र नू॒नम् ॥
एवा ते वयमिन्द्र भुञ्जतीनां विद्याम सुमतीनां नवानाम् । विद्याम वस्तोरवसा गृणन्तो विश्वामित्रा उत त इन्द्र नूनम् ॥
evā te vayam indra bhuñjatīnāṃ vidyāma sumatīnāṃ navānām | vidyāma vastor avasā gṛṇanto viśvāmitrā uta ta indra nūnam ||

English translation:

“May we, the descendants of Viśvāmitra, sincerely praising you, Indra,by day for your protection,obtain your protecting (favours), may we obtain your recent (favours).”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): reṇuḥ;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ए॒व । ते॒ । व॒यम् । इ॒न्द्र॒ । भु॒ञ्ज॒ती॒नाम् । वि॒द्याम॑ । सु॒ऽम॒ती॒नाम् । नवा॑नाम् । वि॒द्याम॑ । वस्तोः॑ । अव॑सा । गृ॒णन्तः॑ । वि॒श्वामि॑त्राः । उ॒त । ते॒ । इ॒न्द्र॒ । नू॒नम् ॥
एव । ते । वयम् । इन्द्र । भुञ्जतीनाम् । विद्याम । सुमतीनाम् । नवानाम् । विद्याम । वस्तोः । अवसा । गृणन्तः । विश्वामित्राः । उत । ते । इन्द्र । नूनम् ॥
eva | te | vayam | indra | bhuñjatīnām | vidyāma | su-matīnām | navānām | vidyāma | vastoḥ | avasā | gṛṇantaḥ | viśvāmitrāḥ | uta | te | indra | nūnam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.89.17 English analysis of grammar]

evā < eva

[adverb]

“indeed; merely; thus; even; surely; same; eva [word]; successively; immediately; in truth.”

te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular

“you.”

vayam < mad

[noun], nominative, plural

“I; mine.”

indra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

bhuñjatīnāṃ < bhuñjatīnām < bhuj

[verb noun], genitive, plural

“eat; enjoy; consume; eat; love; burn; run down; enjoy; live on.”

vidyāma < vid

[verb], plural, Present optative

“know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”

sumatīnāṃ < sumatīnām < sumati

[noun], genitive, plural, feminine

“benevolence; favor; Sumati.”

navānām < nava

[noun], genitive, plural, feminine

“new; fresh; young; matutinal; recent; nava [word]; modern; fresh.”

vidyāma < vid

[verb], plural, Present optative

“know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”

vastor < vastoḥ < vastu

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“substance; seat; penis; mark; matter; object.”

avasā < avas

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“aid; favor; protection.”

gṛṇanto < gṛṇantaḥ < gṛ

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“praise.”

viśvāmitrā < viśvāmitrāḥ < viśvāmitra

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Viśvāmitra; coconut.”

uta

[adverb]

“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

ta < te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular

“you.”

indra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

nūnam

[adverb]

“now; surely; immediately; just.”

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