Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 9.109.12

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

शिशुं॑ जज्ञा॒नं हरिं॑ मृजन्ति प॒वित्रे॒ सोमं॑ दे॒वेभ्य॒ इन्दु॑म् ॥
शिशुं जज्ञानं हरिं मृजन्ति पवित्रे सोमं देवेभ्य इन्दुम् ॥
śiśuṃ jajñānaṃ harim mṛjanti pavitre somaṃ devebhya indum ||

English translation:

“They cleanse the new-born infant, the green-tinted shining Soma, on the filter for the gods.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): agnayo dhiṣṇyā aiśvarāḥ [agnaya dhiṣṇyā aiśvarāḥ];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): svarāḍārcīgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

शिशु॑म् । ज॒ज्ञा॒नम् । हरि॑म् । मृ॒ज॒न्ति॒ । प॒वित्रे॑ । सोम॑म् । दे॒वेभ्यः॑ । इन्दु॑म् ॥
शिशुम् । जज्ञानम् । हरिम् । मृजन्ति । पवित्रे । सोमम् । देवेभ्यः । इन्दुम् ॥
śiśum | jajñānam | harim | mṛjanti | pavitre | somam | devebhyaḥ | indum

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.109.12 English analysis of grammar]

śiśuṃ < śiśum < śiśu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“child; young; baby; śiśu [word]; Śiśu; male child; fetus.”

jajñānaṃ < jajñānam < jan

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”

harim < hari

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“reddish brown; yellow; pale; yellow; aureate.”

mṛjanti < mṛj

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“purify; polish; rub; remove.”

pavitre < pavitra

[noun], locative, singular, neuter


somaṃ < somam < soma

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

devebhya < devebhyaḥ < deva

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

indum < indu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“moon; Soma; drop; anusvāra; one; Candra; silver; camphor; point; juice.”

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