Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 9.109.11

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तं ते॑ सो॒तारो॒ रसं॒ मदा॑य पु॒नन्ति॒ सोमं॑ म॒हे द्यु॒म्नाय॑ ॥
तं ते सोतारो रसं मदाय पुनन्ति सोमं महे द्युम्नाय ॥
taṃ te sotāro rasam madāya punanti somam mahe dyumnāya ||

English translation:

“(The priests) who press you purify your juice for exhilaration; (they purify) the Soma for abundant food.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): agnayo dhiṣṇyā aiśvarāḥ [agnaya dhiṣṇyā aiśvarāḥ];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): svarāḍārcīgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तम् । ते॒ । सो॒तारः॑ । रस॑म् । मदा॑य । पु॒नन्ति॑ । सोम॑म् । म॒हे । द्यु॒म्नाय॑ ॥
तम् । ते । सोतारः । रसम् । मदाय । पुनन्ति । सोमम् । महे । द्युम्नाय ॥
tam | te | sotāraḥ | rasam | madāya | punanti | somam | mahe | dyumnāya

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.109.11 English analysis of grammar]

taṃ < tam < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular


sotāro < sotāraḥ < sotṛ

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

rasam < rasa

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“mercury; juice; medicine; rasa; alchemy; liquid; Rasa; mahārasa; taste; broth; elixir; resin; rasa; essence; six; water; soup; liquid body substance; rasa; formulation; myrrh; rasa [word]; amṛta; purpose; delight; solution; milk; beverage; alcohol; sap; nectar; Rasātala.”

madāya < mada

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“drunkenness; mada; estrus; excitement; sexual arousal; alcohol; musth; mad; mada; ecstasy; pride; drink; joy; arrogance; vivification.”

punanti <

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“purify; filter; blow; purify; purge; sift.”

somam < soma

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

mahe < mah

[noun], dative, singular, neuter

“great; great; distinguished; much(a); adult; long; high.”

dyumnāya < dyumna

[noun], dative, singular, neuter


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