Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 9.109.13

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्दु॑: पविष्ट॒ चारु॒र्मदा॑या॒पामु॒पस्थे॑ क॒विर्भगा॑य ॥
इन्दुः पविष्ट चारुर्मदायापामुपस्थे कविर्भगाय ॥
induḥ paviṣṭa cārur madāyāpām upasthe kavir bhagāya ||

English translation:

“The auspicious sage Indu flows upon the lap of the waters for exhilaration and for wealth.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): agnayo dhiṣṇyā aiśvarāḥ [agnaya dhiṣṇyā aiśvarāḥ];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): bhurigārcīgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्दुः॑ । प॒वि॒ष्ट॒ । चारुः॑ । मदा॑य । अ॒पाम् । उ॒पऽस्थे॑ । क॒विः । भगा॑य ॥
इन्दुः । पविष्ट । चारुः । मदाय । अपाम् । उपस्थे । कविः । भगाय ॥
induḥ | paviṣṭa | cāruḥ | madāya | apām | upa-sthe | kaviḥ | bhagāya

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.109.13 English analysis of grammar]

induḥ < indu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“moon; Soma; drop; anusvāra; one; Candra; silver; camphor; point; juice.”

paviṣṭa <

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“purify; filter; blow; purify; purge; sift.”

cārur < cāruḥ < cāru

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“pleasant; beautiful; beloved; agreeable; cāru [word].”

madāyāpām < madāya < mada

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“drunkenness; mada; estrus; excitement; sexual arousal; alcohol; musth; mad; mada; ecstasy; pride; drink; joy; arrogance; vivification.”

madāyāpām < apām < ap

[noun], genitive, plural, feminine

“water; body of water; water; ap [word]; juice; jala.”

upasthe < upastha

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“genitalia; lap; sexual desire; anus.”

kavir < kaviḥ < kavi

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“poet; wise man; bard; Venus; Uśanas; kavi [word]; Kavi; prophet; guru; Brahma.”

bhagāya < bhaga

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Bhaga; vulva; good fortune; vagina; bhaga [word]; sun; well-being; happiness; overlord.”

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