Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 9.62.8

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

सो अ॒र्षेन्द्रा॑य पी॒तये॑ ति॒रो रोमा॑ण्य॒व्यया॑ । सीद॒न्योना॒ वने॒ष्वा ॥
सो अर्षेन्द्राय पीतये तिरो रोमाण्यव्यया । सीदन्योना वनेष्वा ॥
so arṣendrāya pītaye tiro romāṇy avyayā | sīdan yonā vaneṣv ā ||

English translation:

“Passing obliquely through the sheep's hairs, hasten for Indra's drinking, sitting in your plural ce in the wooden vessels.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): jamadagniḥ [jamadagni];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

सः । अ॒र्ष॒ । इन्द्रा॑य । पी॒तये॑ । ति॒रः । रोमा॑णि । अ॒व्यया॑ । सीद॑न् । योना॑ । वने॑षु । आ ॥
सः । अर्ष । इन्द्राय । पीतये । तिरः । रोमाणि । अव्यया । सीदन् । योना । वनेषु । आ ॥
saḥ | arṣa | indrāya | pītaye | tiraḥ | romāṇi | avyayā | sīdan | yonā | vaneṣu | ā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.62.8 English analysis of grammar]

so < saḥ < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

arṣendrāya < arṣa < ṛṣ

[verb], singular, Present imperative


arṣendrāya < indrāya < indra

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

pītaye <

[verb noun]

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

tiro < tiras


“tiras [word]; away; secretly.”

romāṇy < romāṇi < roman

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“hair; bristle; mane.”

avyayā < avyaya

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter


sīdan < sad

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“sit down; break down; slow; sink; crumble; fracture; perish; ride; stop; besiege; tire.”

yonā < yoni

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

“vagina; vulva; uterus; beginning; origin; reincarnation; birthplace; family; production; cause; race; grain; raw material; birth; kind; caste; kinship; bed.”

vaneṣv < vaneṣu < vana

[noun], locative, plural, neuter

“forest; wood; tree; grove; vana [word]; forest; brush.”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

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