Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 8.78.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

नकी॒मिन्द्रो॒ निक॑र्तवे॒ न श॒क्रः परि॑शक्तवे । विश्वं॑ शृणोति॒ पश्य॑ति ॥
नकीमिन्द्रो निकर्तवे न शक्रः परिशक्तवे । विश्वं शृणोति पश्यति ॥
nakīm indro nikartave na śakraḥ pariśaktave | viśvaṃ śṛṇoti paśyati ||

English translation:

Indra cannot be brought low, he cannot be over-powered-- he hears, he sees all.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kurusutiḥ kāṇvaḥ [kurusuti kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

नकी॑म् । इन्द्रः॑ । निऽक॑र्तवे । न । श॒क्रः । परि॑ऽशक्तवे । विश्व॑म् । शृ॒णो॒ति॒ । पश्य॑ति ॥
नकीम् । इन्द्रः । निकर्तवे । न । शक्रः । परिशक्तवे । विश्वम् । शृणोति । पश्यति ॥
nakīm | indraḥ | ni-kartave | na | śakraḥ | pari-śaktave | viśvam | śṛṇoti | paśyati

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.78.5 English analysis of grammar]



“not; never.”

indro < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

nikartave < nikṛ < √kṛ

[verb noun]

“overcome; humiliate.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

śakraḥ < śakra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


pariśaktave < pariśak < √śak

[verb noun]

viśvaṃ < viśvam < viśva

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

śṛṇoti < śru

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“listen; come to know; hear; hear; listen; study; heed; learn.”

paśyati < paś

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“see; view; watch; meet; observe; think of; look; examine; behold; visit; understand.”

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