Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 8.78.6

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स म॒न्युं मर्त्या॑ना॒मद॑ब्धो॒ नि चि॑कीषते । पु॒रा नि॒दश्चि॑कीषते ॥
स मन्युं मर्त्यानामदब्धो नि चिकीषते । पुरा निदश्चिकीषते ॥
sa manyum martyānām adabdho ni cikīṣate | purā nidaś cikīṣate ||

English translation:

“Unharmed he brings low the wrath of mortals; ere any one can reproach him, he brings him low.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kurusutiḥ kāṇvaḥ [kurusuti kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

सः । म॒न्युम् । मर्त्या॑नाम् । अद॑ब्धः । नि । चि॒की॒ष॒ते॒ । पु॒रा । नि॒दः । चि॒की॒ष॒ते॒ ॥
सः । मन्युम् । मर्त्यानाम् । अदब्धः । नि । चिकीषते । पुरा । निदः । चिकीषते ॥
saḥ | manyum | martyānām | adabdhaḥ | ni | cikīṣate | purā | nidaḥ | cikīṣate

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.78.6 English analysis of grammar]



“with; little; together.”

manyum < manyu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“anger; fury; rage; wrath.”

martyānām < martya

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“man; people; martya [word]; Earth.”

adabdho < adabdhaḥ < adabdha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“unfailing; unimpaired.”



“back; down.”

cikīṣate < cikīṣ < √ci

[verb], singular, Present indikative



“once; earlier; first; purā [indecl.].”

nidaś < nidaḥ < nid

[noun], ablative, singular, feminine

“derision; scoffer; contempt.”

cikīṣate < cikīṣ < √ci

[verb], singular, Present indikative

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