Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 8.78.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

नकीं॑ वृधी॒क इ॑न्द्र ते॒ न सु॒षा न सु॒दा उ॒त । नान्यस्त्वच्छू॑र वा॒घत॑: ॥
नकीं वृधीक इन्द्र ते न सुषा न सुदा उत । नान्यस्त्वच्छूर वाघतः ॥
nakīṃ vṛdhīka indra te na suṣā na sudā uta | nānyas tvac chūra vāghataḥ ||

English translation:

“There is no prosperer other than you, no divider of the spoil, no giver of boons; O hero, there is no(leader) of the sacrificer other than you.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kurusutiḥ kāṇvaḥ [kurusuti kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

नकी॑म् । वृ॒धी॒कः । इ॒न्द्र॒ । ते॒ । न । सु॒ऽसाः । न । सु॒ऽदाः । उ॒त । न । अ॒न्यः । त्वत् । शू॒र॒ । वा॒घतः॑ ॥
नकीम् । वृधीकः । इन्द्र । ते । न । सुसाः । न । सुदाः । उत । न । अन्यः । त्वत् । शूर । वाघतः ॥
nakīm | vṛdhīkaḥ | indra | te | na | su-sāḥ | na | su-dāḥ | uta | na | anyaḥ | tvat | śūra | vāghataḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.78.4 English analysis of grammar]

nakīṃ < nakīm

[adverb]

“not; never.”

vṛdhīka < vṛdhīkaḥ < vṛdhīka

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

indra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular

“you.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

suṣā < su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suṣā < sāḥ <

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“winning.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

sudā < su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

sudā < dāḥ <

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“giving.”

uta

[adverb]

“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

nānyas < na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

nānyas < anyaḥ < anya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“other; another(a); remaining; different; anya [word]; other than; more(a); fresh; any(a).”

tvacchūra < tvat < tvad

[noun], ablative, singular

“you.”

tvacchūra < śūra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“hero; cock; śūra; Śūra; Vatica robusta; Plumbago zeylanica; warrior; hero; attacker; lentil; wild boar; lion; dog.”

vāghataḥ < vāghant

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

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