Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.77.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒भि ग॑न्ध॒र्वम॑तृणदबु॒ध्नेषु॒ रज॒स्स्वा । इन्द्रो॑ ब्र॒ह्मभ्य॒ इद्वृ॒धे ॥
अभि गन्धर्वमतृणदबुध्नेषु रजस्स्वा । इन्द्रो ब्रह्मभ्य इद्वृधे ॥
abhi gandharvam atṛṇad abudhneṣu rajassv ā | indro brahmabhya id vṛdhe ||

English translation:

“In the realms (of the sky) where the foot finds no resting-plural ce, Indra shattered the cloud to bringincrease to the brāhmaṇas.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Cloud: gandharva, gandharvam;

Brāhmaṇas: brahmebhyaḥ


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kurusutiḥ kāṇvaḥ [kurusuti kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒भि । ग॒न्ध॒र्वम् । अ॒तृ॒ण॒त् । अ॒बु॒ध्नेषु॑ । रजः॑ऽसु । आ । इन्द्रः॑ । ब्र॒ह्मऽभ्यः॑ । इत् । वृ॒धे ॥
अभि । गन्धर्वम् । अतृणत् । अबुध्नेषु । रजःसु । आ । इन्द्रः । ब्रह्मभ्यः । इत् । वृधे ॥
abhi | gandharvam | atṛṇat | abudhneṣu | rajaḥ-su | ā | indraḥ | brahma-bhyaḥ | it | vṛdhe

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.77.5 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; on.”

gandharvam < gandharva

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Gandharva; castor-oil plant; horse; Gandharva; Indian cuckoo.”

atṛṇad < atṛṇat < tṛd

[verb], singular, Imperfect

abudhneṣu < abudhna

[noun], locative, plural, neuter


rajassv < rajassu < rajas

[noun], locative, plural, neuter

“powder; menorrhea; dust; Rajas; atmosphere; rajas; pollen; passion; rajas [word]; sindūra; rust; tin; impurity; dark; sky.”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

indro < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

brahmabhya < brahmabhyaḥ < brahman

[noun], ablative, plural, masculine

“Brahma; Brahmin; dhak; Brahman; brahman [word]; Brahman; Brahmin; Brahmapurāṇa; Vishnu; Brihaspati.”



“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

vṛdhe < vṛdh

[verb noun]

“increase; grow; vṛdh; increase; succeed; strengthen; grow up; spread.”

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