Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.34

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मा न॒ एक॑स्मि॒न्नाग॑सि॒ मा द्वयो॑रु॒त त्रि॒षु । वधी॒र्मा शू॑र॒ भूरि॑षु ॥
मा न एकस्मिन्नागसि मा द्वयोरुत त्रिषु । वधीर्मा शूर भूरिषु ॥
mā na ekasminn āgasi mā dvayor uta triṣu | vadhīr mā śūra bhūriṣu ||

English translation:

“Slay us not for one sin, not for two, not for three; O hero, slay us not for many.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मा । नः॒ । एक॑स्मिन् । आग॑सि । मा । द्वयोः॑ । उ॒त । त्रि॒षु । वधीः॑ । मा । शू॒र॒ । भूरि॑षु ॥
मा । नः । एकस्मिन् । आगसि । मा । द्वयोः । उत । त्रिषु । वधीः । मा । शूर । भूरिषु ॥
mā | naḥ | ekasmin | āgasi | mā | dvayoḥ | uta | triṣu | vadhīḥ | mā | śūra | bhūriṣu

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.34 English analysis of grammar]



na < naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”

ekasminn < ekasmin < eka

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“one; single(a); alone(p); some(a); single(a); eka [word]; alone(p); excellent; each(a); some(a); one; same; alone(p); some(a); consistent; any(a); undifferentiated; disjunct.”

āgasi < āgas

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“sin; evildoing; mistake.”



dvayor < dvayoḥ < dvi

[noun], locative, dual, neuter

“two; dvi [word]; second.”



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

triṣu < tri

[noun], locative, plural, neuter

“three; tri/tisṛ [word].”

vadhīr < vadhīḥ < vadh

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“kill; assail; kick; māray; destroy; beat.”




[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“hero; cock; śūra; Śūra; Vatica robusta; Plumbago zeylanica; warrior; hero; attacker; lentil; wild boar; lion; dog.”

bhūriṣu < bhūri

[noun], locative, plural, neuter

“much; many; much(a); abundant; rich; mighty; distinguished.”

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: