Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.21

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स्तो॒त्रमिन्द्रा॑य गायत पुरुनृ॒म्णाय॒ सत्व॑ने । नकि॒र्यं वृ॑ण्व॒ते यु॒धि ॥
स्तोत्रमिन्द्राय गायत पुरुनृम्णाय सत्वने । नकिर्यं वृण्वते युधि ॥
stotram indrāya gāyata purunṛmṇāya satvane | nakir yaṃ vṛṇvate yudhi ||

English translation:

“Sing the praise to Indra, who is rich in wealth and bountiful, whom none can slay in battle.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स्तो॒त्रम् । इन्द्रा॑य । गा॒य॒त॒ । पु॒रु॒ऽनृ॒म्णाय । सत्व॑ने । नकिः॑ । यम् । वृ॒ण्व॒ते । यु॒धि ॥
स्तोत्रम् । इन्द्राय । गायत । पुरुनृम्णाय । सत्वने । नकिः । यम् । वृण्वते । युधि ॥
stotram | indrāya | gāyata | puru-nṛmṇāya | satvane | nakiḥ | yam | vṛṇvate | yudhi

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.21 English analysis of grammar]

stotram < stotra

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“hymn; praise.”

indrāya < indra

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

gāyata <

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“sing; praise; jap; recite; describe.”

purunṛmṇāya < puru


“many; much(a); very.”

purunṛmṇāya < nṛmṇāya < nṛmṇa

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“manhood; power.”

satvane < satvan

[noun], dative, singular, masculine





yaṃ < yam < yad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

vṛṇvate < vṛ

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“surround; accompany; cover; cover; obstruct; check; spread; envelop.”

yudhi < yudh

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

“battle; fight; war; combat.”

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