Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.20

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ त्वा॑ र॒म्भं न जिव्र॑यो रर॒भ्मा श॑वसस्पते । उ॒श्मसि॑ त्वा स॒धस्थ॒ आ ॥
आ त्वा रम्भं न जिव्रयो ररभ्मा शवसस्पते । उश्मसि त्वा सधस्थ आ ॥
ā tvā rambhaṃ na jivrayo rarabhmā śavasas pate | uśmasi tvā sadhastha ā ||

English translation:

“Lord of might, we lean on you as the aged on a staff; we long for you in the sacrifice.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । त्वा॒ । र॒म्भम् । न । जिव्र॑यः । र॒र॒भ्म । श॒व॒सः॒ । प॒ते॒ । उ॒श्मसि॑ । त्वा॒ । स॒धऽस्थे॑ । आ ॥
आ । त्वा । रम्भम् । न । जिव्रयः । ररभ्म । शवसः । पते । उश्मसि । त्वा । सधस्थे । आ ॥
ā | tvā | rambham | na | jivrayaḥ | rarabhma | śavasaḥ | pate | uśmasi | tvā | sadha-sthe | ā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.20 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

tvā < tvad

[noun], accusative, singular


rambhaṃ < rambham < rambha

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine




“not; like; no; na [word].”

jivrayo < jivrayaḥ < jivri

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine


rarabhmā < rarabhma < rabh

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative


śavasas < śavasaḥ < śavas

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“strength; power; superiority.”

pate < pati

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“husband; overlord; king; deity; īśvara; ruler; pati [word]; commanding officer; leader; owner; mayor; lord.”

uśmasi < vaś

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“desire; agree; call; care; like; love.”

tvā < tvad

[noun], accusative, singular


sadhastha < sadhasthe < sadhastha

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“dwelling; location; home.”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

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