Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.13

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वि॒द्मा हि त्वा॑ धनंज॒यमिन्द्र॑ दृ॒ळ्हा चि॑दारु॒जम् । आ॒दा॒रिणं॒ यथा॒ गय॑म् ॥
विद्मा हि त्वा धनंजयमिन्द्र दृळ्हा चिदारुजम् । आदारिणं यथा गयम् ॥
vidmā hi tvā dhanaṃjayam indra dṛḻhā cid ārujam | ādāriṇaṃ yathā gayam ||

English translation:

“We know you, Indra, as the conqueror of wealth, the breaker of firm obstacles, the opener, and(guarding from harm) as a house.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

The opener: ādāriṇam = ādartāram (RV 8.24.4); dṛḷhā arujam

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वि॒द्म । हि । त्वा॒ । ध॒न॒म्ऽज॒यम् । इन्द्र॑ । दृ॒ळ्हा । चि॒त् । आ॒ऽरु॒जम् । आ॒दा॒रिण॑म् । यथा॑ । गय॑म् ॥
विद्म । हि । त्वा । धनम्जयम् । इन्द्र । दृळ्हा । चित् । आरुजम् । आदारिणम् । यथा । गयम् ॥
vidma | hi | tvā | dhanam-jayam | indra | dṛḷhā | cit | ārujam | ādāriṇam | yathā | gayam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.13 English analysis of grammar]

vidmā < vidma < vid

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative

“know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”

hi

[adverb]

“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

tvā < tvad

[noun], accusative, singular

“you.”

dhanañjayam < dhanaṃjaya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

indra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

dṛᄆhā < dṛḍha

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“hard; intense; firm; fixed; resolute; mesomorphic; grim; dṛḍha [word]; rainproof; sturdy; shut; firm; insoluble; strong; tough; tight.”

cid < cit

[adverb]

“even; indeed.”

ārujam < āruja

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“breaking.”

ādāriṇaṃ < ādāriṇam < ādārin

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

yathā

[adverb]

“equally; as; so that; like; how; yathā [word]; that; wherein.”

gayam < gaya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“house; Gaya; family; Gaya; property; Gaya; wealth; livestock.”

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