Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.12

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ऊ॒र्ध्वा हि ते॑ दि॒वेदि॑वे स॒हस्रा॑ सू॒नृता॑ श॒ता । ज॒रि॒तृभ्यो॑ वि॒मंह॑ते ॥
ऊर्ध्वा हि ते दिवेदिवे सहस्रा सूनृता शता । जरितृभ्यो विमंहते ॥
ūrdhvā hi te dive-dive sahasrā sūnṛtā śatā | jaritṛbhyo vimaṃhate ||

English translation:

“(The sacrificer) gives to your praisers day by day hundreds and thousands of excellent and auspiciousgifts.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ऊ॒र्ध्वा । हि । ते॒ । दि॒वेऽदि॑वे । स॒हस्रा॑ । सू॒नृता॑ । श॒ता । ज॒रि॒तृऽभ्यः॑ । वि॒ऽमंह॑ते ॥
ऊर्ध्वा । हि । ते । दिवेदिवे । सहस्रा । सूनृता । शता । जरितृभ्यः । विमंहते ॥
ūrdhvā | hi | te | dive--dive | sahasrā | sūnṛtā | śatā | jaritṛ-bhyaḥ | vi-maṃhate

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.12 English analysis of grammar]

ūrdhvā < ūrdhva

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“upper; up(a); upper; upward; erect; more(a); raised; ūrdhva [word]; acclivitous; overturned; loud; eminent; high.”

hi

[adverb]

“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular

“you.”

dive < diva

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“day; sky; Svarga.”

dive < diva

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“day; sky; Svarga.”

sahasrā < sahasra

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“thousand; one-thousandth; sahasra [word].”

sūnṛtā

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“liberality.”

śatā < śata

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“hundred; one-hundredth; śata [word].”

jaritṛbhyo < jaritṛbhyaḥ < jaritṛ

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“singer.”

vimaṃhate < vimah < √mah

[verb], singular, Present indikative

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