Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 7.34.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आप॑श्चिदस्मै॒ पिन्व॑न्त पृ॒थ्वीर्वृ॒त्रेषु॒ शूरा॒ मंस॑न्त उ॒ग्राः ॥
आपश्चिदस्मै पिन्वन्त पृथ्वीर्वृत्रेषु शूरा मंसन्त उग्राः ॥
āpaś cid asmai pinvanta pṛthvīr vṛtreṣu śūrā maṃsanta ugrāḥ ||

English translation:

“The vast waters offer nourishment to Indra; fierce warriors (combating) with foes, glorify him.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vasiṣṭhaḥ [vasiṣṭha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): ārcīgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आपः॑ । चि॒त् । अ॒स्मै॒ । पिन्व॑न्त । पृ॒थ्वीः । वृ॒त्रेषु॑ । शूराः॑ । मंस॑न्ते । उ॒ग्राः ॥
आपः । चित् । अस्मै । पिन्वन्त । पृथ्वीः । वृत्रेषु । शूराः । मंसन्ते । उग्राः ॥
āpaḥ | cit | asmai | pinvanta | pṛthvīḥ | vṛtreṣu | śūrāḥ | maṃsante | ugrāḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 7.34.3 English analysis of grammar]

āpaś < āpaḥ < ap

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“water; body of water; water; ap [word]; juice; jala.”

cid < cit


“even; indeed.”

asmai < idam

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

pinvanta < pinv

[verb], plural, Present injunctive

“swell; swell; overflow; abound.”

pṛthvīr < pṛthvīḥ < pṛthu

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“broad; wide; great; flat; pṛthu [word]; far.”

vṛtreṣu < vṛtra

[noun], locative, plural, masculine

“Vṛtra; vṛtra [word].”

śūrā < śūrāḥ < śūra

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“hero; cock; śūra; Śūra; Vatica robusta; Plumbago zeylanica; warrior; hero; attacker; lentil; wild boar; lion; dog.”

maṃsanta < maṃsante < man

[verb], plural, Aorist conj./subj.

“think of; name; believe; teach; honor; deem; recommend; approve; think; define; call; respect; believe; enumerate; understand; see; describe.”

ugrāḥ < ugra

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“powerful; awful; dangerous; intense; mighty; potent; colicky; atrocious.”

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