Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 7.34.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ धू॒र्ष्व॑स्मै॒ दधा॒ताश्वा॒निन्द्रो॒ न व॒ज्री हिर॑ण्यबाहुः ॥
आ धूर्ष्वस्मै दधाताश्वानिन्द्रो न वज्री हिरण्यबाहुः ॥
ā dhūrṣv asmai dadhātāśvān indro na vajrī hiraṇyabāhuḥ ||

English translation:

“Yoke for him the horses of his chariot, the Indra is the wielder of the thunderbolt, the golden-armed.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vasiṣṭhaḥ [vasiṣṭha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): ārcīgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । धू॒र्षु । अ॒स्मै॒ । दधा॑त । अश्वा॑न् । इन्द्रः॑ । न । व॒ज्री । हिर॑ण्यऽबाहुः ॥
आ । धूर्षु । अस्मै । दधात । अश्वान् । इन्द्रः । न । वज्री । हिरण्यबाहुः ॥
ā | dhūrṣu | asmai | dadhāta | aśvān | indraḥ | na | vajrī | hiraṇya-bāhuḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 7.34.4 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

dhūrṣv < dhūrṣu < dhur

[noun], locative, plural

“yoke; dhur [word].”

asmai < idam

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

dadhātāśvān < dadhāta < dhā

[verb], plural, Aorist imperative

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

dadhātāśvān < aśvān < aśva

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“horse; aśva [word]; Aśva; stallion.”

indro < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

vajrī < vajrin

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; vajra; Euphorbia neriifolia L.; abhra; Buddha.”

hiraṇyabāhuḥ < hiraṇya


“aureate; gold.”

hiraṇyabāhuḥ < bāhuḥ < bāhu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“arm; bāhu [word]; elbow; forefoot.”

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