Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 6.52.15

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ये के च॒ ज्मा म॒हिनो॒ अहि॑माया दि॒वो ज॑ज्ञि॒रे अ॒पां स॒धस्थे॑ । ते अ॒स्मभ्य॑मि॒षये॒ विश्व॒मायु॒: क्षप॑ उ॒स्रा व॑रिवस्यन्तु दे॒वाः ॥
ये के च ज्मा महिनो अहिमाया दिवो जज्ञिरे अपां सधस्थे । ते अस्मभ्यमिषये विश्वमायुः क्षप उस्रा वरिवस्यन्तु देवाः ॥
ye ke ca jmā mahino ahimāyā divo jajñire apāṃ sadhasthe | te asmabhyam iṣaye viśvam āyuḥ kṣapa usrā varivasyantu devāḥ ||

English translation:

“May those mighty deities, having power to destroy, whether they have been manifested upon earth or in heaven, or in the abode of the waters, bestow upon us and our posterity abundant sustenance both by night and day.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Having power to destroy: ahimāyāḥ = āhantṛ prajñāH, having the wisdom or knowledge that kills; our posterity: asmabhyam iṣaye: iṣi is derived from iṣ, to wish, and is explained putrādi, sons and the rest, asmabhyām tasmai ca, to us and to it, that is, posterity, as the object of desire.


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): ṛjiśvāḥ;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ये । के । च॒ । ज्मा । म॒हिनः॑ । अहि॑ऽमायाः । दि॒वः । ज॒ज्ञि॒रे । अ॒पाम् । स॒धऽस्थे॑ । ते । अ॒स्मभ्य॑म् । इ॒षये॑ । विश्व॑म् । आयुः॑ । क्षपः॑ । उ॒स्राः । व॒रि॒व॒स्य॒न्तु॒ । दे॒वाः ॥
ये । के । च । ज्मा । महिनः । अहिमायाः । दिवः । जज्ञिरे । अपाम् । सधस्थे । ते । अस्मभ्यम् । इषये । विश्वम् । आयुः । क्षपः । उस्राः । वरिवस्यन्तु । देवाः ॥
ye | ke | ca | jmā | mahinaḥ | ahi-māyāḥ | divaḥ | jajñire | apām | sadha-sthe | te | asmabhyam | iṣaye | viśvam | āyuḥ | kṣapaḥ | usrāḥ | varivasyantu | devāḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.52.15 English analysis of grammar]

ye < yad

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

ke < ka

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“what; who; ka [pronoun].”



“and; besides; then; now; even.”

jmā < jm

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

mahino < mahinaḥ < mahin

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“mighty; great.”

ahimāyā < ahi

[noun], masculine

“snake; lead; nāga; Nāga; ahi [word]; Vṛtra.”

ahimāyā < māyāḥ < māyā

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“magic trick; Māyā; deception; illusion; māyā [word]; disguise; trick.”

divo < divaḥ < div

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

jajñire < jan

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative

“become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”

apāṃ < apām < ap

[noun], genitive, plural, feminine

“water; body of water; water; ap [word]; juice; jala.”

sadhasthe < sadhastha

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“dwelling; location; home.”

te < tad

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

asmabhyam < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

iṣaye < iṣi

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

viśvam < viśva

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

āyuḥ < āyus

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“life; longevity; āyus; life; āyus [word]; Āyus.”

kṣapa < kṣapaḥ < kṣap

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine


usrā < usrāḥ < usrā

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“cow; dawn.”

varivasyantu < varivasy

[verb], plural, Present imperative

devāḥ < deva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: