Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.47.29

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उप॑ श्वासय पृथि॒वीमु॒त द्यां पु॑रु॒त्रा ते॑ मनुतां॒ विष्ठि॑तं॒ जग॑त् । स दु॑न्दुभे स॒जूरिन्द्रे॑ण दे॒वैर्दू॒राद्दवी॑यो॒ अप॑ सेध॒ शत्रू॑न् ॥
उप श्वासय पृथिवीमुत द्यां पुरुत्रा ते मनुतां विष्ठितं जगत् । स दुन्दुभे सजूरिन्द्रेण देवैर्दूराद्दवीयो अप सेध शत्रून् ॥
upa śvāsaya pṛthivīm uta dyām purutrā te manutāṃ viṣṭhitaṃ jagat | sa dundubhe sajūr indreṇa devair dūrād davīyo apa sedha śatrūn ||

English translation:

“War-drum, fill with your sound both heaven and earth; and let all things, fixed or moveable, be aware of it; do you, who are associated with Indra and the gods, drive away our foes to the remotest distance.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gargaḥ [garga];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): dudumbhiḥ ;
Chandas (meter): triṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उप॑ । श्वा॒स॒य॒ । पृ॒थि॒वीम् । उ॒त । द्याम् । पु॒रु॒ऽत्रा । ते॒ । म॒नु॒ता॒म् । विऽस्थि॑तम् । जग॑त् । सः । दु॒न्दु॒भे॒ । स॒ऽजूः । इन्द्रे॑ण । दे॒वैः । दू॒रात् । दवी॑यः । अप॑ । से॒ध॒ । शत्रू॑न् ॥
उप । श्वासय । पृथिवीम् । उत । द्याम् । पुरुत्रा । ते । मनुताम् । विस्थितम् । जगत् । सः । दुन्दुभे । सजूः । इन्द्रेण । देवैः । दूरात् । दवीयः । अप । सेध । शत्रून् ॥
upa | śvāsaya | pṛthivīm | uta | dyām | puru-trā | te | manutām | vi-sthitam | jagat | saḥ | dundubhe | sa-jūḥ | indreṇa | devaiḥ | dūrāt | davīyaḥ | apa | sedha | śatrūn

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.47.29 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; on; next.”

śvāsaya < śvāsay < √śvas

[verb], singular, Present imperative

pṛthivīm < pṛthivī

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“Earth; pṛthivī; floor; Earth; earth; pṛthivī [word]; land.”



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

dyām < div

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”




te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular


manutāṃ < manutām < man

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“think of; name; believe; teach; honor; deem; recommend; approve; think; define; call; respect; believe; enumerate; understand; see; describe.”

viṣṭhitaṃ < viṣṭhitam < viṣṭhā < √sthā

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“stand; stay; resist.”

jagat < jagant

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“universe; Earth; world; people; Jagatī; Loka; animal; being.”

sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

dundubhe < dundubhi

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“dundubhi; war drum; Dundubhi; Vishnu.”

sajūr < sajūs


indreṇa < indra

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

devair < devaiḥ < deva

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

dūrād < dūrāt



davīyo < davīyaḥ < davīyas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter




sedha < sidh

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“chase away; repel.”

śatrūn < śatru

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“enemy; foe; enemy; Asura.”

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