Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.47.30

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ क्र॑न्दय॒ बल॒मोजो॑ न॒ आ धा॒ निः ष्ट॑निहि दुरि॒ता बाध॑मानः । अप॑ प्रोथ दुन्दुभे दु॒च्छुना॑ इ॒त इन्द्र॑स्य मु॒ष्टिर॑सि वी॒ळय॑स्व ॥
आ क्रन्दय बलमोजो न आ धा निः ष्टनिहि दुरिता बाधमानः । अप प्रोथ दुन्दुभे दुच्छुना इत इन्द्रस्य मुष्टिरसि वीळयस्व ॥
ā krandaya balam ojo na ā dhā niḥ ṣṭanihi duritā bādhamānaḥ | apa protha dundubhe ducchunā ita indrasya muṣṭir asi vīḻayasva ||

English translation:

“Sound loud against the (hostile) host; animate our prowess; thunder aloud, terrifying the evil-minded; rapid, drum, those whose delight is to harm us; you are the fist of Indra; inspire us with fierceness.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gargaḥ [garga];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): dudumbhiḥ ;
Chandas (meter): triṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । क्र॒न्द॒य॒ । बल॑म् । ओजः॑ । नः॒ । आ । धाः॒ । निः । स्त॒नि॒हि॒ । दुः॒ऽइ॒ता । बाध॑मानः । अप॑ । प्रो॒थ॒ । दु॒न्दु॒भे॒ । दु॒च्छुनाः॑ । इ॒तः । इन्द्र॑स्य । मु॒ष्टिः । अ॒सि॒ । वी॒ळय॑स्व ॥
आ । क्रन्दय । बलम् । ओजः । नः । आ । धाः । निः । स्तनिहि । दुःइता । बाधमानः । अप । प्रोथ । दुन्दुभे । दुच्छुनाः । इतः । इन्द्रस्य । मुष्टिः । असि । वीळयस्व ॥
ā | krandaya | balam | ojaḥ | naḥ | ā | dhāḥ | niḥ | stanihi | duḥ-itā | bādhamānaḥ | apa | protha | dundubhe | ducchunāḥ | itaḥ | indrasya | muṣṭiḥ | asi | vīḷayasva

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.47.30 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

krandaya < kranday < √krand

[verb], singular, Present imperative

balam < bala

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“strength; army; power; force; potency; vigor; Balarama; bala; violence; might; Shiva; bala [word]; myrrh; semen; reflex; bronze; influence; erection; potency; intensity.”

ojo < ojaḥ < ojas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“strength; power; ojas; ojas [word]; potency; might.”

na < naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

dhā < dhāḥ < dhā

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”



“back; down.”

ṣṭanihi < stanihi < stan

[verb], singular, Present imperative


duritā < durita

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“danger; sin; difficulty; difficulty; evil.”

bādhamānaḥ < bādh

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“afflict; annoy; chase away; tease; grieve; irritate.”




protha < pruth

[verb], singular, Present imperative

dundubhe < dundubhi

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“dundubhi; war drum; Dundubhi; Vishnu.”

ducchunā < ducchunāḥ < ducchunā

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“calamity; misfortune.”

ita < itas


“from here; therefore.”

indrasya < indra

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

muṣṭir < muṣṭiḥ < muṣṭi

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“fist; handful; pestle; muṣṭi [word]; pala.”

asi < as

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

vīᄆayasva < vīḍayasva < vīḍay < √vīḍ

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“solidify; strengthen.”

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