Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 4.11.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वद्वा॒जी वा॑जम्भ॒रो विहा॑या अभिष्टि॒कृज्जा॑यते स॒त्यशु॑ष्मः । त्वद्र॒यिर्दे॒वजू॑तो मयो॒भुस्त्वदा॒शुर्जू॑जु॒वाँ अ॑ग्ने॒ अर्वा॑ ॥
त्वद्वाजी वाजम्भरो विहाया अभिष्टिकृज्जायते सत्यशुष्मः । त्वद्रयिर्देवजूतो मयोभुस्त्वदाशुर्जूजुवाँ अग्ने अर्वा ॥
tvad vājī vājambharo vihāyā abhiṣṭikṛj jāyate satyaśuṣmaḥ | tvad rayir devajūto mayobhus tvad āśur jūjuvām̐ agne arvā ||

English translation:

“From you, who are vigorous, to conveyer of oblations, the vast, the granter of what is desired, is born (a son) of real strength; from you comes wealth approved of by the gods, the source of happiness; from you, Agni, (is obtained) a swift unarrested horse.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vāmadevo gautamaḥ [vāmadeva gautama];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): bhurikpaṅkti ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वत् । वा॒जी । वा॒ज॒म्ऽभ॒रः । विऽहा॑याः । अ॒भि॒ष्टि॒ऽकृत् । जा॒य॒ते॒ । स॒त्यऽशु॑ष्मः । त्वत् । र॒यिः । दे॒वऽजू॑तः । म॒यः॒ऽभुः । त्वत् । आ॒शुः । जू॒जु॒ऽवान् । अ॒ग्ने॒ । अर्वा॑ ॥
त्वत् । वाजी । वाजम्भरः । विहायाः । अभिष्टिकृत् । जायते । सत्यशुष्मः । त्वत् । रयिः । देवजूतः । मयःभुः । त्वत् । आशुः । जूजुवान् । अग्ने । अर्वा ॥
tvat | vājī | vājam-bharaḥ | vi-hāyāḥ | abhiṣṭi-kṛt | jāyate | satya-śuṣmaḥ | tvat | rayiḥ | deva-jūtaḥ | mayaḥ-bhuḥ | tvat | āśuḥ | jūju-vān | agne | arvā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 4.11.4 English analysis of grammar]

tvad < tvat < tvad

[noun], ablative, singular

“you.”

vājī < vājin

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“horse; bird; seven; hero; achiever; aphrodisiac.”

vājambharo < vājambharaḥ < vājambhara

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“champion.”

vihāyā < vihāyāḥ < vihāyas

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“vigorous.”

abhiṣṭikṛj < abhiṣṭi

[noun], feminine

“prevalence; protection.”

abhiṣṭikṛj < kṛt

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“causing; making; performing; promotive; producing; doing; acting; writing; transforming; effecting.”

jāyate < jan

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”

satyaśuṣmaḥ < satya

[noun]

“true; real; real; faithful; good.”

satyaśuṣmaḥ < śuṣmaḥ < śuṣma

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“vigor; energy; fire; hiss; courage.”

tvad < tvat < tvad

[noun], ablative, singular

“you.”

rayir < rayiḥ < rayi

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“wealth; property.”

devajūto < deva

[noun], masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

devajūto < jūtaḥ <

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“animate; encourage; impel; inspire.”

mayobhus < mayobhuḥ < mayobhu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

tvad < tvat < tvad

[noun], ablative, singular

“you.”

āśur < āśuḥ < āśu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“quick; fast; immediate; agile.”

jūjuvāṃ <

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“animate; encourage; impel; inspire.”

agne < agni

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

arvā < arvan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“horse; arvan [word]; racehorse.”

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