Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 3.45.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स्व॒युरि॑न्द्र स्व॒राळ॑सि॒ स्मद्दि॑ष्टि॒: स्वय॑शस्तरः । स वा॑वृधा॒न ओज॑सा पुरुष्टुत॒ भवा॑ नः सु॒श्रव॑स्तमः ॥
स्वयुरिन्द्र स्वराळसि स्मद्दिष्टिः स्वयशस्तरः । स वावृधान ओजसा पुरुष्टुत भवा नः सुश्रवस्तमः ॥
svayur indra svarāḻ asi smaddiṣṭiḥ svayaśastaraḥ | sa vāvṛdhāna ojasā puruṣṭuta bhavā naḥ suśravastamaḥ ||

English translation:

“You are possessed of opulence, Indra; you are the lord of heaven, auspicious and renowned; may you who is adored of many, increasing in vigour, be to us a most (bountiful bestower) of food.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gopavana ātreyaḥ saptavadhrirvā [gopavana ātreya saptavadhrirvā];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): bṛhatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स्व॒ऽयुः । इ॒न्द्र॒ । स्व॒ऽराट् । अ॒सि॒ । स्मत्ऽदि॑ष्टिः । स्वय॑शःऽतरः । सः । व॒वृ॒धा॒नः । ओज॑सा । पु॒रु॒ऽस्तु॒त॒ । भव॑ । नः॒ । सु॒श्रवः॑ऽतमः ॥
स्वयुः । इन्द्र । स्वराट् । असि । स्मत्दिष्टिः । स्वयशःतरः । सः । ववृधानः । ओजसा । पुरुस्तुत । भव । नः । सुश्रवःतमः ॥
sva-yuḥ | indra | sva-rāṭ | asi | smat-diṣṭiḥ | svayaśaḥ-taraḥ | saḥ | vavṛdhānaḥ | ojasā | puru-stuta | bhava | naḥ | suśravaḥ-tamaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 3.45.5 English analysis of grammar]

svayur < svayuḥ < svayu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

svarāᄆ < svarāj

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“svarāj; Vishnu.”

asi < as

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

smaddiṣṭiḥ < smaddiṣṭi

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

svayaśastaraḥ < sva


“own(a); respective(a); akin(p); sva [word]; individual; present(a); independent.”

svayaśastaraḥ < yaśastaraḥ < yaśastara

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

vāvṛdhāna < vāvṛdhānaḥ < vṛdh

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“increase; grow; vṛdh; increase; succeed; strengthen; grow up; spread.”

ojasā < ojas

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“strength; power; ojas; ojas [word]; potency; might.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; Vishnu; Agni.”

bhavā < bhū

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“become; be; originate; transform; happen; result; exist; be born; be; be; come to life; grow; elapse; come to mind; thrive; become; impend; show; conceive; understand; stand; constitute; serve; apply; behave.”

naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

suśravastamaḥ < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suśravastamaḥ < śravastamaḥ < śravastama

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

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