Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 2.41.21

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ वा॑मु॒पस्थ॑मद्रुहा दे॒वाः सी॑दन्तु य॒ज्ञिया॑: । इ॒हाद्य सोम॑पीतये ॥
आ वामुपस्थमद्रुहा देवाः सीदन्तु यज्ञियाः । इहाद्य सोमपीतये ॥
ā vām upastham adruhā devāḥ sīdantu yajñiyāḥ | ihādya somapītaye ||

English translation:

“May the adorable gods, devoice of malice, sit down today nigh to you both to drink the Soma.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): dyāvāpṛthivyau havirdhāne vā ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । वा॒म् । उ॒पऽस्थ॑म् । अ॒द्रु॒हा॒ । दे॒वाः । सी॒द॒न्तु॒ । य॒ज्ञियाः॑ । इ॒ह । अ॒द्य । सोम॑ऽपीतये ॥
आ । वाम् । उपस्थम् । अद्रुहा । देवाः । सीदन्तु । यज्ञियाः । इह । अद्य । सोमपीतये ॥
ā | vām | upa-stham | adruhā | devāḥ | sīdantu | yajñiyāḥ | iha | adya | soma-pītaye

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.41.21 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

vām < tvad

[noun], genitive, dual


upastham < upastha

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“genitalia; lap; sexual desire; anus.”

adruhā < adruh

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“friendly; benign.”

devāḥ < deva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

sīdantu < sad

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“sit down; break down; slow; sink; crumble; fracture; perish; ride; stop; besiege; tire.”

yajñiyāḥ < yajñiya

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“sacrificial; divine; devoted.”

ihādya < iha


“here; now; in this world; now; below; there; here; just.”

ihādya < adya


“now; today; then; nowadays; adya [word].”

somapītaye < soma

[noun], masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

somapītaye < pītaye < pīti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“drinking; haritāla.”

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