Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 2.41.20

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

द्यावा॑ नः पृथि॒वी इ॒मं सि॒ध्रम॒द्य दि॑वि॒स्पृश॑म् । य॒ज्ञं दे॒वेषु॑ यच्छताम् ॥
द्यावा नः पृथिवी इमं सिध्रमद्य दिविस्पृशम् । यज्ञं देवेषु यच्छताम् ॥
dyāvā naḥ pṛthivī imaṃ sidhram adya divispṛśam | yajñaṃ deveṣu yacchatām ||

English translation:

“Heaven and Earth, bear to the gods today our heaven aspiring sacrifice, the means of obtaining svarga.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): dyāvāpṛthivyau havirdhāne vā ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

द्यावा॑ । नः॒ । पृ॒थि॒वी इति॑ । इ॒मम् । सि॒ध्रम् । अ॒द्य । दि॒वि॒ऽस्पृश॑म् । य॒ज्ञम् । दे॒वेषु॑ । य॒च्छ॒ता॒म् ॥
द्यावा । नः । पृथिवी इति । इमम् । सिध्रम् । अद्य । दिविस्पृशम् । यज्ञम् । देवेषु । यच्छताम् ॥
dyāvā | naḥ | pṛthivī iti | imam | sidhram | adya | divi-spṛśam | yajñam | deveṣu | yacchatām

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.41.20 English analysis of grammar]

dyāvā < div

[noun], nominative, dual, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

naḥ < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”


[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“Earth; pṛthivī; floor; Earth; earth; pṛthivī [word]; land.”

imaṃ < imam < idam

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

sidhram < sidhra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“successful; perfect.”



“now; today; then; nowadays; adya [word].”

divispṛśam < divispṛś

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine


yajñaṃ < yajñam < yajña

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“yajña; religious ceremony; Vishnu; yajña [word]; Yajña; Shiva.”

deveṣu < deva

[noun], locative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

yacchatām < yam

[verb], dual, Present imperative

“concentrate; grant; restrain; cause; control; offer; cover; raise.”

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