Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.38.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

क्व॑ वः सु॒म्ना नव्यां॑सि॒ मरु॑त॒: क्व॑ सुवि॒ता । क्वो॒३॒॑ विश्वा॑नि॒ सौभ॑गा ॥
क्व वः सुम्ना नव्यांसि मरुतः क्व सुविता । क्वो विश्वानि सौभगा ॥
kva vaḥ sumnā navyāṃsi marutaḥ kva suvitā | kvo viśvāni saubhagā ||

English translation:

“Where, Maruts, are your new treasures? Where your valuable (riches)? Where all your auspicious (gifts)?”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Sumnā, suvitā, saubhaga: offspring and cattle, jewels and gold, horses, elephants and the like


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

क्व॑ । वः॒ । सु॒म्ना । नव्यां॑सि । मरु॑तः । क्व॑ । सु॒वि॒ता । क्वो॒ इति॑ । विश्वा॑नि । सौभ॑गा ॥
क्व । वः । सुम्ना । नव्यांसि । मरुतः । क्व । सुविता । क्वो इति । विश्वानि । सौभगा ॥
kva | vaḥ | sumnā | navyāṃsi | marutaḥ | kva | suvitā | kva | viśvāni | saubhagā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.38.3 English analysis of grammar]



“wherein; how; kva [word].”

vaḥ < tvad

[noun], genitive, plural


sumnā < sumna

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“favor; benevolence; sumna [word]; entreaty; favor.”

navyāṃsi < navyas

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter


marutaḥ < marut

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Marut; vāta; wind; Vayu.”



“wherein; how; kva [word].”

suvitā < suvita

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“prosperity; well-being.”

kvo < kva


“wherein; how; kva [word].”

kvo < u


“ukāra; besides; now; indeed; u.”

viśvāni < viśva

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

saubhagā < saubhaga

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter


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