Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.38.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यद्यू॒यं पृ॑श्निमातरो॒ मर्ता॑स॒: स्यात॑न । स्तो॒ता वो॑ अ॒मृत॑: स्यात् ॥
यद्यूयं पृश्निमातरो मर्तासः स्यातन । स्तोता वो अमृतः स्यात् ॥
yad yūyam pṛśnimātaro martāsaḥ syātana | stotā vo amṛtaḥ syāt ||

English translation:

“That you, sons of Pṛśni, may become mortals, and your panegyrist become immortal.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Pṛśni = dhenu, a cow

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यत् । यू॒यम् । पृ॒श्नि॒ऽमा॒त॒रः॒ । मर्ता॑सः । स्यात॑न । स्तो॒ता । वः॒ । अ॒मृतः॑ । स्यात् ॥
यत् । यूयम् । पृश्निमातरः । मर्तासः । स्यातन । स्तोता । वः । अमृतः । स्यात् ॥
yat | yūyam | pṛśni-mātaraḥ | martāsaḥ | syātana | stotā | vaḥ | amṛtaḥ | syāt

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.38.4 English analysis of grammar]

yad < yat

[adverb]

“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”

yūyam < tvad

[noun], nominative, plural

“you.”

pṛśnimātaro < pṛśni

[noun], feminine

“Pṛśni; beam.”

pṛśnimātaro < mātaraḥ < mātṛ

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“mother; mātṛkā; mātṛ [word]; parent; Salvinia cucullata Roxb.; Citrullus colocynthis Schrad.; cow.”

martāsaḥ < marta

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“man.”

syātana < as

[verb], plural, Present optative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

stotā < stotṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“laudatory; worshiping.”

vo < vaḥ < tvad

[noun], genitive, plural

“you.”

amṛtaḥ < amṛta

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“immortal; amṛta; imperishable.”

syāt < as

[verb], singular, Present optative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: