Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.268.20

वेगेनोत्पततस्तस्य पेतुस्ते रजनीचराः ।
भुवि संभिन्नहृदयाः प्रहारपरिपीडिताः ॥ २० ॥

vegenotpatatastasya petuste rajanīcarāḥ |
bhuvi saṃbhinnahṛdayāḥ prahāraparipīḍitāḥ || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...we happened to talk of the vulture Jatayu. Just then we saw a bird huge as a mountain, of frightful form, and inspiring terror into every heart, like a second son of Vinata.{GL_NOTE...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.268.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vega, Utpata, Tasta, Tad, Yushmad, Rajanicara, Bhu, Sambhinna, Hridaya, Prahara, Paripidita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.268.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vegenotpatatastasya petuste rajanīcarāḥ
  • vegeno -
  • vega (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • utpata -
  • utpata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tastasya -
  • tas -> tasta (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √tas class 4 verb]
    tas -> tasta (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √tas class 4 verb]
  • petus -
  • pat (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    pat (verb class 4)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • rajanīcarāḥ -
  • rajanīcara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rajanīcarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “bhuvi saṃbhinnahṛdayāḥ prahāraparipīḍitāḥ
  • bhuvi -
  • bhū (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhū (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • sambhinna -
  • sambhinna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sambhinna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hṛdayāḥ -
  • hṛdaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    hṛdayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • prahāra -
  • prahāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • paripīḍitāḥ -
  • paripīḍita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    paripīḍitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.268.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.268.20 in Kannada sript:
ವೇಗೇನೋತ್ಪತತಸ್ತಸ್ಯ ಪೇತುಸ್ತೇ ರಜನೀಚರಾಃ ।
ಭುವಿ ಸಂಭಿನ್ನಹೃದಯಾಃ ಪ್ರಹಾರಪರಿಪೀಡಿತಾಃ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.268.20 in Bengali sript:
বেগেনোত্পততস্তস্য পেতুস্তে রজনীচরাঃ ।
ভুবি সংভিন্নহৃদযাঃ প্রহারপরিপীডিতাঃ ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.268.20 in Gujarati sript:
વેગેનોત્પતતસ્તસ્ય પેતુસ્તે રજનીચરાઃ ।
ભુવિ સંભિન્નહૃદયાઃ પ્રહારપરિપીડિતાઃ ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.268.20 in Malayalam sript:
വേഗേനോത്പതതസ്തസ്യ പേതുസ്തേ രജനീചരാഃ ।
ഭുവി സംഭിന്നഹൃദയാഃ പ്രഹാരപരിപീഡിതാഃ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 3.268.20 in Telugu sript:
వేగేనోత్పతతస్తస్య పేతుస్తే రజనీచరాః ।
భువి సంభిన్నహృదయాః ప్రహారపరిపీడితాః ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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