Prahara, Prahāra: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Prahara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prahar.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Daivi Varnashram: Nakṣatra Gaṇḍānta

The word Prahara (प्रहर) is defined in jyotiṣa as a fixed period of 3 hours reckoned from sunrise. There are eight prahara in a day of 24 hours and the junctions of these prahara are fixed. In North India these are also referred to as ghaḍī (घडी) meaning ‘the watch’. The first prahara or a day is ruled by the lord of the day and the subsequent follow the order of the kālachakra. Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Mercury, Venus, Saturn, Moon and Rāhu is the regular order of planets in the Kālachakra.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Prahara (प्रहर).—A measure of time.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 11. 8.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Prahāra (प्रहार) refers to a set of three rules used in relation with the “five handstrokes” (pāṇiprahata): rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “now these hand-strokes, according to their application are controlled, semi-controlled or free”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Prahara (प्रहर) refers to:—(same as yāma) a three-hour time period in the 24-hour day. The first prahara starts at brahma-muhūrta. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Prahāra (प्रहार) refers to:—(or Yāma)One of the eight periods of the day. Each yāma consists of approximately three hours. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Prahara (प्रहर):—A measure of time equals 3 hours

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Prahara (प्रहर) is a Sanskrit word referring to a three-hour period, eight of which make up each day.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Prahara.—(SII 2; SITI), flaw in rubies. Note: prahara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prahara (प्रहर).—m (S) A watch, an eighth part of the natural day.

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prahāra (प्रहार).—m (S) Striking or hitting: also a blow or stroke.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prahara (प्रहर).—m A watch, an eighth part of the natural day.

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prahāra (प्रहार).—m Striking or hitting. A blow or stroke.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prahara (प्रहर).—The eighth part of a whole day, a watch (a period roughly reckoned at 3 hours); प्रहरे प्रहरेऽसहो- च्चारितानि गामानयेत्यादिपदानि न प्रमाणम् (prahare prahare'saho- ccāritāni gāmānayetyādipadāni na pramāṇam) T.S.

Derivable forms: praharaḥ (प्रहरः).

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Prahāra (प्रहार).—

1) Striking, beating, hitting; मतकल्पः प्रहारार्तो जीवन्नपि विशुद्ध्यति (matakalpaḥ prahārārto jīvannapi viśuddhyati) Y.3.248.

2) Wounding, killing.

3) A stroke, blow, hit, knock, thump; प्रहारमूर्च्छापगमे रथस्थाः (prahāramūrcchāpagame rathasthāḥ) R.7.44; मुष्टिप्रहार, तलप्रहार (muṣṭiprahāra, talaprahāra) &c.

4) A cut or thrust, as in खड्गप्रहार (khaḍgaprahāra).

5) A kick; as in पादप्रहार (pādaprahāra); लत्ताप्रहार (lattāprahāra).

6) Shooting.

7) A battle (raṇa); प्रहारे च पराक्रान्तः शूरः पञ्चत्वमागतः (prahāre ca parākrāntaḥ śūraḥ pañcatvamāgataḥ) Rām.4.23.12.

8) A Necklace.

Derivable forms: prahāraḥ (प्रहारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prahārā (प्रहारा).—f. (= Sanskrit prahāra, m.; no other record of f. °rā, but compare next), blow, stroke: instr. sg. tala-prahārāya (v.l. °ye) Mahāvastu ii.74.15; ekāye tala-°rāye hato 18; ekāya tala-°rāye nihato 75.9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prahara (प्रहर).—m.

(-raḥ) A watch, an 8th part of the day, or a division comprising about three hours. E. pra before, ha to take, ap aff.

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Prahāra (प्रहार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Striking. 2. Wounding, killing. 3. A blow, a knock, a stroke. 4. A cut, a thrust. 5. A kick. 6. Suiting, fitting. E. pra before, hṛ to take, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prahara (प्रहर).—i. e. pra-hṛ + a, m., and praharaka prahara + ka, A watch, or a division comprising about three hours, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 29, 9; [Pañcatantra] 237, 3.

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Prahāra (प्रहार).—i. e. pra-hṛ + a, m. 1. Striking, [Pañcatantra] 245, 12; pecking, [Hitopadeśa] 107, 19; killing. 2. A stroke, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 83; a shot (of an arrow), [Pañcatantra] 141, 10; a kick, 215, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prahara (प्रहर).—[masculine] a watch i.e. a period of about 3 hours (lit. a stroke, scil. on a gong).

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Prahāra (प्रहार).—[masculine] stroke, blow, shot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prahara (प्रहर):—[=pra-hara] a etc. See pra- √hṛ.

2) Prahāra (प्रहार):—[=pra-hāra] a See pra- √hṛ.

3) Prahara (प्रहर):—[=pra-hara] [from pra-hṛ] b m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a division of time (about 3 hours = 6 or 7 Nāḍikās; [literally] ‘stroke’, [scilicet] on a gong), [Varāha-mihira; Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] the 8th part of a day, a watch, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the subdivisions in a Śākuna (q.v.)

6) Prahāra (प्रहार):—[=pra-hāra] [from pra-hṛ] b m. striking, hitting, fighting, [Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] a stroke, blow, thump, knock, kick etc. (‘with’ [compound]; ‘on’ [locative case] or comp.), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] m. a necklace, [Dharmaśarmābhyudaya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prahara (प्रहर):—[pra-hara] (raḥ) 1. m. A watch; 3 hours.

2) Prahāra (प्रहार):—(raḥ) 1. m. Striking, wounding.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Prahara (प्रहर):—(von har mit pra) m.

1) ein Zeitabschnitt von etwa drei Stunden [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 3, 6.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 145.] [Halāyudha 1, 106.] [?= 6] oder 7 Nāḍikā [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 11, 8.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 24, 10. 76, 3.] kṣaṇena prahareṇa vā [Pañcatantra 136, 3.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 44, 72. 90.] [TARKAS. 51.] [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 969, 2 v. u.] [Pañcatantra ed. orn. 49, 14.] pāścātyaprahare divasasya 15. prātāprahare gate gegen 9 Uhr Morgens [Kathāsaritsāgara 10, 115.] yāminyāḥ prathame prahare gate so v. a. gegen 9 Uhr Abends [38, 63.] niśi dvitīyasminprahare [4, 37.] praharaviratau madhye vāhnaḥ um 9 Uhr Morgens oder um Mittagszeit [Spr. 1883.] gatasārdhapraharāyāṃ rātrau svapyāt d. i. 4(1/2) Stunden nach Sonnenuntergang, 1(1/2) Stunden vor Mitternacht [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 225.] —

2) Bez. von Unterabtheilungen im Śākuna des Śrivasantarāja [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 897.] — Der Zeitabschnitt hat seinen Namen daher, dass man den Ablauf desselben durch Schlagen auf Metallglocken kundthat.

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Prahāra (प्रहार):—(von har mit pra) m. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 54,] [Scholiast] Schlag, Hieb, Streich, Stoss, Schuss, Wurf, ictus: prahārārta [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 248.] [Duaupadīpramātha 9, 5.] prahāro ripuhastataḥ [Spr. 2930.] [Suśruta 1, 101, 10. 113, 3. 352, 20. 2, 260, 21.] [Raghuvaṃśa 7, 41.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 10, 116. 33, 118.] dṛḍhaprahārābhihata [?47, 62. 49, 147. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 83, 14. Prabodhacandrodaja 88, 3. Pañcatantra 214, 15. Scholiast zu Śākuntala 32.] śirasi [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 83] [?(Mahābhārata 13, 5023.)] atrāṅge sya prahāro yaṃ maddattaḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 435.] pāda (s. auch bes.) Fussschlag [Kathāsaritsāgara 12, 103.] [Pañcatantra 252, 25.] jānu [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 98, 24.] pāṇi [Harivaṃśa 2251.] [Spr. 2921.] muṣṭi [Suśruta 1, 288, 5.] ghoṇāyāṃ muṣṭiprahāraṃ dadāti [Mṛcchakaṭikā 35, 10.] pakṣa [Harivaṃśa 10507.] tuṇḍapakṣa [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 56, 35.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 88, 35.] khuradanta [Kathāsaritsāgara 37, 167.] [Halāyudha 2, 65.] [Pañcatantra 69, 1.] laguḍa [37, 5.] kaśā [Mahābhārata 1, 6707.] khaḍga [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 214.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 38, 67. 41, 51. 50, 24.] mayā pradattanistriṃśaprahārā [37, 168.] smaraśara [Hitopadeśa 23, 13.] kuliśa [Spr. 2744.] salila [Mahābhārata 8, 819.] bhrātṛbhāryāprahārada dem Bruder oder der Gattin Schläge versetzend [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 232.] supta ein Schlag, den man einem Schlafenden versetzt, [Harivaṃśa 4816.] ati [Mahābhārata 8, 2477.] śṛṅgāraiḥ suprahāraiśca kailāso madanāyate [Harivaṃśa 12007.] śūrāṇāṃ hi prahārāya rasitaṃ raṇadundubheḥ damit sie einhauen [Spr. 1130.] — Vgl. tala .

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Prahara (प्रहर):—

1) vāsarapraharaistribhiḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 59, 89.] sārdhapraharaikasamaye [Pañcatantra 237, 3.] die Zeit, da man auf der Wache ist, das Wachestehen: sa ca praharavāro bdaisteṣāmāyāti saptabhiḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 115, 10.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Prahara (प्रहर):—m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) —

1) ein Zeitabschnitt von etwa drei Stunden.

2) die Zeit da man auf der Wache ist , Wache.

3) Bez. von Unterabtheilungen in einem Śākuna.

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Prahāra (प्रहार):—m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) Schlag , Hieb , Streich , Stoss , Schuss , Wurf , ictus , — mit (im Comp. vorangehend) , auf (Loc. , bisweilen im Comp. vorangehend).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prahara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Prahara (प्रहर) [Also spelled prahar]:—(nm) a measure of time equivalent to three hours; period of three hours.

2) Prahāra (प्रहार) [Also spelled prahar]:—(nm) an assault; a blow, stroke; ~[ka/karttā] one who makes an assault or strikes a blow.

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