Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.4.31

चित्रसेनः सहामात्यो गन्धर्वाप्सरसस्तथा ।
गीतवादित्रकुशलाः शम्यातालविशारदाः ॥ ३१ ॥

citrasenaḥ sahāmātyo gandharvāpsarasastathā |
gītavāditrakuśalāḥ śamyātālaviśāradāḥ || 31 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview. (musical) measures and motions singing celestial tunes in proper and charming voices, waited upon and gladdened the sons of Pandu and the Rishis who sat in that Sabha. And seated in...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.4.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Citrasena, Sahamatya, Gandharvapsaras, Tatha, Gita, Vaditra, Kushala, Shamyatala, Visharada,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.4.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “citrasenaḥ sahāmātyo gandharvāpsarasastathā
  • citrasenaḥ -
  • citrasena (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sahāmātyo* -
  • sahāmātya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gandharvāpsarasas -
  • gandharvāpsaras (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “gītavāditrakuśalāḥ śamyātālaviśāradāḥ
  • gīta -
  • gīta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gīta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vāditra -
  • vāditra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kuśalāḥ -
  • kuśala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kuśalā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śamyātāla -
  • śamyātāla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viśāradāḥ -
  • viśārada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    viśāradā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.4.31

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.4.31 in Kannada sript:
ಚಿತ್ರಸೇನಃ ಸಹಾಮಾತ್ಯೋ ಗನ್ಧರ್ವಾಪ್ಸರಸಸ್ತಥಾ ।
ಗೀತವಾದಿತ್ರಕುಶಲಾಃ ಶಮ್ಯಾತಾಲವಿಶಾರದಾಃ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.4.31 in Bengali sript:
চিত্রসেনঃ সহামাত্যো গন্ধর্বাপ্সরসস্তথা ।
গীতবাদিত্রকুশলাঃ শম্যাতালবিশারদাঃ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.4.31 in Gujarati sript:
ચિત્રસેનઃ સહામાત્યો ગન્ધર્વાપ્સરસસ્તથા ।
ગીતવાદિત્રકુશલાઃ શમ્યાતાલવિશારદાઃ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.4.31 in Malayalam sript:
ചിത്രസേനഃ സഹാമാത്യോ ഗന്ധര്വാപ്സരസസ്തഥാ ।
ഗീതവാദിത്രകുശലാഃ ശമ്യാതാലവിശാരദാഃ ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 2.4.31 in Telugu sript:
చిత్రసేనః సహామాత్యో గన్ధర్వాప్సరసస్తథా ।
గీతవాదిత్రకుశలాః శమ్యాతాలవిశారదాః ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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