Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.4.30

एते चान्ये च बहवो राजानः पृथिवीपते ।
धनंजयसखा चात्र नित्यमास्ते स्म तुम्बुरुः ॥ ३० ॥

ete cānye ca bahavo rājānaḥ pṛthivīpate |
dhanaṃjayasakhā cātra nityamāste sma tumburuḥ || 30 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Tumvuru, and the Gandharva Cittasena with his ministers, any many other Gandharvas and Apsaras, well-skilled in vocal and instrumental music and in cadence and Kinnaras also well-versed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.4.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Eta, Etad, Eti, Esha, Bahu, Bahava, Rajan, Rajana, Prithivipati, Dhananjaya, Sakhi, Sakha, Nityam, Nitya, Sma, Tumburu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.4.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ete cānye ca bahavo rājānaḥ pṛthivīpate
  • ete -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    eta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    etā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    eti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
  • cānye -
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bahavo* -
  • bahu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bahava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājānaḥ -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rājāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pṛthivīpate -
  • pṛthivīpati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “dhanaṃjayasakhā cātra nityamāste sma tumburuḥ
  • dhanañjaya -
  • dhanañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhanañjaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sakhā -
  • sakhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sakhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • cāt -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ra -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
  • āste -
  • ās (verb class 2)
    [present middle third single]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    sman (noun, masculine)
  • tumburuḥ -
  • tumburu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tumburu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.4.30

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.4.30 in Kannada sript:
ಏತೇ ಚಾನ್ಯೇ ಚ ಬಹವೋ ರಾಜಾನಃ ಪೃಥಿವೀಪತೇ ।
ಧನಂಜಯಸಖಾ ಚಾತ್ರ ನಿತ್ಯಮಾಸ್ತೇ ಸ್ಮ ತುಮ್ಬುರುಃ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.4.30 in Bengali sript:
এতে চান্যে চ বহবো রাজানঃ পৃথিবীপতে ।
ধনংজযসখা চাত্র নিত্যমাস্তে স্ম তুম্বুরুঃ ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.4.30 in Gujarati sript:
એતે ચાન્યે ચ બહવો રાજાનઃ પૃથિવીપતે ।
ધનંજયસખા ચાત્ર નિત્યમાસ્તે સ્મ તુમ્બુરુઃ ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.4.30 in Malayalam sript:
ഏതേ ചാന്യേ ച ബഹവോ രാജാനഃ പൃഥിവീപതേ ।
ധനംജയസഖാ ചാത്ര നിത്യമാസ്തേ സ്മ തുമ്ബുരുഃ ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 2.4.30 in Telugu sript:
ఏతే చాన్యే చ బహవో రాజానః పృథివీపతే ।
ధనంజయసఖా చాత్ర నిత్యమాస్తే స్మ తుమ్బురుః ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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