Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.2.15

उपारुह्यार्जुनश्चापि चामरव्यजनं सितम् ।
रुक्मदण्डं बृहन्मूर्ध्नि दुधावाभिप्रदक्षिणम् ॥ १५ ॥

upāruhyārjunaścāpi cāmaravyajanaṃ sitam |
rukmadaṇḍaṃ bṛhanmūrdhni dudhāvābhipradakṣiṇam || 15 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...And Kesava, that slayer of hostile heroes, followed by all the brothers, shone like a preceptor followed by his favourite pupils. Then Govinda spoke unto Arjuna and clasped him firmly...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.2.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Uparuh, Arjuna, Capin, Camaravyajana, Sita, Rukmat, Anda, Brihat, Murdhan, Abhipradakshinam,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.2.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “upāruhyārjunaścāpi cāmaravyajanaṃ sitam
  • upāruhyā -
  • upāruh (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • ārjunaś -
  • ārjuna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • cāmaravyajanam -
  • cāmaravyajana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sitam -
  • sita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    -> sita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ class 4 verb]
    -> sita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 4 verb], [accusative single from √ class 4 verb]
    si -> sita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √si class 5 verb], [accusative single from √si class 9 verb]
    si -> sita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √si class 5 verb], [accusative single from √si class 5 verb], [nominative single from √si class 9 verb], [accusative single from √si class 9 verb]
  • Line 2: “rukmadaṇḍaṃ bṛhanmūrdhni dudhāvābhipradakṣiṇam
  • rukmad -
  • rukmat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    rukmat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • aṇḍam -
  • aṇḍa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bṛhan -
  • bṛhat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bṛhat (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    bṛhat (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    bṛh -> bṛhat (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √bṛh]
    bṛh -> bṛhat (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √bṛh]
    bṛhat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bṛh -> bṛhat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √bṛh], [vocative single from √bṛh]
    bṛh -> bṛhat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √bṛh], [vocative single from √bṛh], [accusative single from √bṛh]
    bṛh -> bṛhat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √bṛh], [vocative single from √bṛh]
    bṛh -> bṛhat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √bṛh], [vocative single from √bṛh], [accusative single from √bṛh]
  • mūrdhni -
  • mūrdhan (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • dudhāvā -
  • dhū (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    dhū (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    dhū (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    dhū (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    dhū (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • abhipradakṣiṇam -
  • abhipradakṣiṇam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.2.15

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.2.15 in Kannada sript:
ಉಪಾರುಹ್ಯಾರ್ಜುನಶ್ಚಾಪಿ ಚಾಮರವ್ಯಜನಂ ಸಿತಮ್ ।
ರುಕ್ಮದಣ್ಡಂ ಬೃಹನ್ಮೂರ್ಧ್ನಿ ದುಧಾವಾಭಿಪ್ರದಕ್ಷಿಣಮ್ ॥ ೧೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.2.15 in Bengali sript:
উপারুহ্যার্জুনশ্চাপি চামরব্যজনং সিতম্ ।
রুক্মদণ্ডং বৃহন্মূর্ধ্নি দুধাবাভিপ্রদক্ষিণম্ ॥ ১৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.2.15 in Gujarati sript:
ઉપારુહ્યાર્જુનશ્ચાપિ ચામરવ્યજનં સિતમ્ ।
રુક્મદણ્ડં બૃહન્મૂર્ધ્નિ દુધાવાભિપ્રદક્ષિણમ્ ॥ ૧૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.2.15 in Malayalam sript:
ഉപാരുഹ്യാര്ജുനശ്ചാപി ചാമരവ്യജനം സിതമ് ।
രുക്മദണ്ഡം ബൃഹന്മൂര്ധ്നി ദുധാവാഭിപ്രദക്ഷിണമ് ॥ ൧൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 2.2.15 in Telugu sript:
ఉపారుహ్యార్జునశ్చాపి చామరవ్యజనం సితమ్ ।
రుక్మదణ్డం బృహన్మూర్ధ్ని దుధావాభిప్రదక్షిణమ్ ॥ ౧౫ ॥

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